Roger A Ruth

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Auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) have become an integral part of the current otologic/audiologic test battery. With these techniques, synchronous neural activity can be examined from the peripheral end organ of hearing up to the cortical structures responsible for audition. The clinical applications of AEPs range from their use as an indicator of auditory(More)
Programming of multichannel cochlear implants (CIs) requires subjective responses to a series of sophisticated psychophysical percepts. It is often difficult for young prelinguistically deaf children to provide adequate responses for device fitting. This is especially true in setting levels of maximum comfortable loudness, whereby failure to indicate growth(More)
OBJECTIVE The effect of sustained silence was studied on the emergence of tinnitus perception in 120 normal hearing young adult Caucasians and African Americans. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING After sitting in a sound booth for a period of 20 minutes, participants were asked to complete a questionnaire documenting whether they perceived sounds in the silent(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Auditory neuropathy is a relatively recently described pattern of hearing loss characterized by preservation of outer hair cell function despite absent brainstem auditory evoked responses. Intact outer hair cell function is demonstrated by the presence of otoacoustic emissions and/or a measurable cochlear microphonic on(More)
Previous investigations into the possible relation between chronic otitis media (COM) and sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) have resulted in differing results and conclusions. A retrospective study was conducted to examine the relation between COM and SNHL, using strict selection criteria for cases so as to eliminate co-variables. In addition, various COM(More)
The round window electromagnetic implantable hearing aid (RWEM) approach uses a magnet surgically implanted onto the round window membrane of the cochlea to impart vibrational energy to the inner ear when driven by a nearby electromagnetic coil. In this article, experimental methods used in animal ABR studies are described for this approach and evidence for(More)
The use of electrocochleography (ECoG) as a tool in the diagnosis, assessment, and monitoring of certain neuro-otologic disorders has attracted renewed attention in the United States. The use of ECoG among otologists and audiologists has increased in recent years, primarily due to the availability of relatively easily applied, noninvasive extratympanic(More)
To examine the validity of the acoustical stapedial reflex (AR) as an index of neuromuscular weakness, the AR was measured along with other indices of muscle strength during administration of d-tubocurarine (dTc) to six healthy subjects. AR decreased immediately after each dTc dose and preceded changes in handgrip strength and respiratory muscle strength,(More)
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate ECoG recordings obtained simultaneously from a transtympanic electrode and a tympanic membrane electrode in 26 patients with unilateral Meniere's disease. The ECoG recordings were examined quantitatively with regard to absolute amplitude of the summating potential and action potential. Recordings were(More)
Estimates of cochlear traveling wave velocity (TWV) were computed from derived band auditory brain-stem response (ABR) latencies in 24 normal-hearing subjects. Wave V latencies were determined for each of six derived frequency bands (unmasked-8 kHz, 8-4 kHz, 4-2 kHz, 2-1 kHz, 1 kHz-500 Hz, and 500-250 Hz). Representative frequencies were assigned to the(More)