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OBJECTIVE The effect of sustained silence was studied on the emergence of tinnitus perception in 120 normal hearing young adult Caucasians and African Americans. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING After sitting in a sound booth for a period of 20 minutes, participants were asked to complete a questionnaire documenting whether they perceived sounds in the silent(More)
Estimates of cochlear traveling wave velocity (TWV) were computed from derived band auditory brain-stem response (ABR) latencies in 24 normal-hearing subjects. Wave V latencies were determined for each of six derived frequency bands (unmasked-8 kHz, 8-4 kHz, 4-2 kHz, 2-1 kHz, 1 kHz-500 Hz, and 500-250 Hz). Representative frequencies were assigned to the(More)
The effects of age, signal rate, and signal level on the maturing auditory middle latency response (AMLR) were evaluated in 50 normal-hearing subjects ranging in age from 2 days to 35 years. Ipsilateral and contralateral AMLR waveforms were recorded in newborns (n = 10), children (n = 10), preteens (n = 10), teens (n = 10), and adults (n = 10). The AMLR Pa(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE Hearing preservation has become an important issue in surgical procedures involving the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). Although several prognostic factors for hearing preservation in patients with "useful" preoperative hearing have been described, it is difficult to predict which patients have the potential for hearing preservation(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Auditory neuropathy is a relatively recently described pattern of hearing loss characterized by preservation of outer hair cell function despite absent brainstem auditory evoked responses. Intact outer hair cell function is demonstrated by the presence of otoacoustic emissions and/or a measurable cochlear microphonic on(More)
Sixty-three normal hearing infants, ranging from 1 to 12 months of age, were evaluated with Behavioral Observation Audiometry (BOA), Visual Reinforcement Audiometry (VRA), and Auditory Brainstem Response Audiometry (ABR). BOA thresholds decreased with increasing age for infants 0 to 6 months of age, while ABR threshold were essentially constant as a(More)
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate ECoG recordings obtained simultaneously from a transtympanic electrode and a tympanic membrane electrode in 26 patients with unilateral Meniere's disease. The ECoG recordings were examined quantitatively with regard to absolute amplitude of the summating potential and action potential. Recordings were(More)
OBJECTIVE The electrically elicited auditory brain-stem response (EABR) has been proposed as a tool for use in cochlear implant device setting. To systematically examine the relationships of psychophysical perceptions and EABRs, implant users underwent a series of comparative measurements. The characteristics of the EABR were assessed for their predictive(More)
The pattern of stapedial reflex fatigue in response to pulsed acoustic stimulation was measured and compared to results of repetitive nerve stimulation and single-fiber electromyography (EMG) in 89 patients with myasthenia gravis. Studies were also made on 22 patients with other neuromuscular disorders and 40 control subjects with no evidence of(More)
The round window electromagnetic implantable hearing aid (RWEM) approach uses a magnet surgically implanted onto the round window membrane of the cochlea to impart vibrational energy to the inner ear when driven by a nearby electromagnetic coil. In this article, experimental methods used in animal ABR studies are described for this approach and evidence for(More)