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Nulliparous heifers (n = 58) were studied to determine whether computer-assisted quantitative echotexture analysis of ultrasound images reflects the functional and histomorphological characteristics of the corpus luteum. The ovaries of heifers were examined daily by transrectal ultrasonography from day -2 (day 0 = ovulation) until the day of ovariectomy(More)
OBJECTIVE To detect human papillomavirus (HPV) in semen and find if sperm washing removes HPV DNA. METHODS Amplification by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect viral DNA sequences in semen samples from 85 volunteers. Forty-five men had historical or clinical evidence of genital HPV infection (study group) and 40 were healthy,(More)
Plasma progesterone concentrations in mares were determined in two experiments during the time that the luteal glands were detectable by transrectal ultrasonography. In both experiments, corpora lutea were classified into two types of morphologies based on their ultrasonic appearance: centrally nonechogenic luteal glands (fluid-filled) and uniformly(More)
An experiment was designed to examine the effect of estradiol valerate (EV) on the growth and regression of follicles of a wave and on the emergence of the next follicular wave. Twenty-six beef heifers were xamined daily by ultrasonography and randomly allocated to 1 of 4 treatment groups at the time of ovulation (Day 0): unterated control heifers and those(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare growth rates of ovarian follicles during natural menstrual cycles, oral contraception (OC) cycles, and ovarian stimulation cycles using standardized techniques. DESIGN Prospective, comparative, observational, longitudinal study. SETTING Healthy volunteers in research trials and infertility patients undergoing treatment at an(More)
Forty-six multiparous Holstein cows were assigned at 5 d postpartum to a completely randomized design employing a 2 x 3 factorial arrangement of treatments. Factors were 0 and 5% added prilled long-chain fatty acids (DM basis) and three forage to concentrate ratios (45:55, 64:36, 84:16). Diets consisted of immature alfalfa silage and a concentrate of(More)
The responsiveness of the hypothalamo-pituitary axis to steroid treatments for ovarian synchronization and the ovarian superstimulatory response to exogenous FSH was compared in 13-14 year old cows and their 1-4 year old young daughters. We tested the hypotheses that aging in cattle is associated with: (1) decreased follicular wave synchrony after estradiol(More)
A component in seminal fluid elicits an ovulatory response and has been discovered in every species examined thus far. The existence of an ovulation-inducing factor (OIF) in seminal plasma has broad implications and evokes questions about identity, tissue sources, mechanism of action, role among species, and clinical relevance in infertility. Most of these(More)
The objective of the study was to determine if nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectral features of ovarian follicular fluid were correlated with the physiological status of follicles so that we could assess the feasibility of using NMR spectroscopy during assisted reproduction therapy. Thirty-five sexually mature, nullparious heifers were monitored by(More)
BACKGROUND Letrozole, a non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor, prevents the body from producing its own estrogen. The objectives of the present study were to test the hypotheses that letrozole treatment, initiated prior to selection of the preovulatory dominant follicle, will induce the growth of more than one follicle to a pre-ovulatory size, and will delay(More)