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A biomechanical study of 13 runners which consisted of 2 male sprinters, 5 experienced joggers, and 6 elite long-distance runners were studied. We obtained hip, knee, and ankle joints motions in the sagittal plane and electromyographic data from specific muscle groups. As the speed of gait increased, the length of stance phase progressively decreased from(More)
An electromyographic study of the lower extremity muscles was undertaken in order to compare jogging, running, and sprinting. The study demonstrated that as the speed of gait increased, the support phase decreased, from 620 msec for walking to 260 msec for jogging to 220 msec for running to 140 msec for sprinting. The electromyographic data demonstrated(More)
The role of the calf muscles during the single-limb stance phase of gait was assessed in fifteen normal subjects and in seven with either an amputation or a neuromuscular deficit. Normal activity of the muscles, paralysis by nerve blocks, and stability versus instability of the ankle were studied. Pelvic displacement and velocity, step length, and step time(More)
The initiation of gait was studied utilizing electromyography, force-plate data, measurements of walking velocities, and ranges of motion of joints, all of which demonstrated that gait is initiated by the body becoming unbalanced in such a way as to permit a subject to pick one foot the ground in order to take the first step. The subsequent transition of(More)
The foot has been studied in walking, running and jogging using high speed cinema photography in the laboratory for gait analysis in the Shriner's Hospital for Crippled Children, San Francisco. During running, as well as in walking, the extrinsic toe flexors restrain progression of the tibia. The extrinsic extensors accelerate the tibia over the fixed foot.(More)
Two theories concerning the effects of surgical release of the proximal origins of the rectus femoris in spastic patients are (1) that release reduces hip flexion contracture and lumbar lordosis and diminishes crouch, and (2) that release primarily enhances early swing-phase knee flexion. A series of eight patients with pre-operative electromyography and(More)
  • R A Mann
  • 1980
Because of the nature of the alignment the joints of the lower extremity, any significant loss of alignment or function will place increased stress on the remaining joints. An ankle arthrodesis must be carefully aligned into slight valgus and neutral dorsiflexion, plantar flexion and the same degree of external rotation as the opposite leg. A subtalar(More)
The etiology of the foot deformity in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease has not previously been discussed in relation to the extrinsic muscle function around the foot and ankle. Eight adult patients with a strong familial history were evaluated, and their foot findings were remarkably similar. All demonstrated a marked cavus deformity that was(More)
The popliteus muscle was studied during both normal gait and a series of planned exercises. Its activity during the walking cycle was shown to begin shortly before heel-strike and to continue throughout three-quarters of the stance phase. During the exercises the muscle was active during internal rotation of the tibia on the femur, and during normal gait(More)