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The medial preoptic nucleus (MPN) is a sexually dimorphic complex with three major subdivisions. The cell-dense central (MPNc) and medial (MPNm) subdivisions are larger in male rats, while the cell-sparse lateral subdivision (MPNl) occupies a majority of the nucleus in females. In the present study we evaluated the distribution of possible monoaminergic and(More)
A quantitative analysis of the volume of 4 cell groups in the preoptic-anterior hypothalamic area (PO-AHA) and of the supraoptic nucleus (SON) of the human brain was performed in 22 age-matched male and female individuals. We suggest the term Interstitial Nuclei of the Anterior Hypothalamus (INAH 1-4) to identify these 4 previously undescribed cell groups(More)
The sexually dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area (SDN-POA) in the rat hypothalamus is larger in volume in males than in females due to a larger number of cells in the nucleus. Although the SDN-POA, and its development, have been extensively studied, the actual mechanism of its sexual differentiation has not been established. The results of previous(More)
Sex differences are described in subregions of two nuclei of the rat brain: the medical nucleus of the amygdala (MA) and the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST). The volume of the posterodorsal region of the medial nucleus of the amygdala (MApd) is approximately 85% greater and the volume of the encapsulated region of the bed nucleus of the stria(More)
The volume of an intensely staining component of the preoptic area of the male rat is markedly larger than that of the female. Moreover, its volume in both sexes is altered by perinatal hormone exposure consistent with the view that this brain region undergoes hormone dependent sexual differentiation. The present study was carried out to determine if this(More)
The sexual dimorphism of the corpus callosum has remained controversial since the original report by de Lacoste-Utamsing and Holloway in 1982, for several reasons: (1) measurements have been performed in a variety of ways in different laboratories, in part because published reports frequently do not describe the methodology in detail; (2) despite known(More)
Sex differences in nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity in different regions of the rat brain and effects of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) treatment in orchidectomized animals were investigated. Regional but no sex differences in NOS activity were detected in gonadectomized animals. Orchidectomy significantly increased NOS activity in the(More)
Recently we reported that the anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPv) of the preoptic region contains a dramatic sexual dimorphism in the distribution of tyrosine hydroxylase-(TH-)immunoreactive cells and fibers in the rat. This sexual dimorphism appears to be due to a greater density of dopaminergic fibers, and a larger number of dopaminergic cell(More)