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We reported previously that pharmacological blockade of somatodendritic 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)1A autoreceptors with spiperone, a nonselective 5-HT1A antagonist, increases the spontaneous firing rate of central serotonergic neurons in awake cats. The present study examined the effects of systemic administration of two reportedly selective 5-HT1A receptor(More)
The neural mechanisms that mediate the transition from a drug-naive state to a state of drug dependence and addiction are not yet known. Here we show that a discrete population of GABA(A) receptors in the mammalian ventral tegmental area (VTA) serves as a potential addiction switching mechanism by gating reward transmission through one of two neural(More)
Opiate activation of mu-opioid receptors (muORs) in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) modulates gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmission within the mesocorticolimbic dopamine (DA) reward system. We combined in vivo extracellular electrophysiological recordings in anesthetized and freely behaving rats with intracellular Neurobiotin filling and(More)
Ventral tegmental area (VTA) GABA neurons appear to be critical regulators of mesocorticolimbic dopamine (DA) neurotransmission, which has been implicated in alcohol reward. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-dose "non-contingent" intravenous (IV) ethanol (0.01-0.1 g/kg) on VTA GABA neuron firing rate and synaptic responses, as well as(More)
Previous studies reported that exposure to an acute stressor of restraint and intermittent tailshock impairs long-term potentiation (LTP) in area CA1 of the rat hippocampus. In the first experiment, the longevity of the stress-induced impairment of LTP was determined. LTP of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) was impaired 2 but not 4 days after(More)
Recent studies demonstrated that mice overexpressing the human mutant beta-amyloid precursor protein (hbetaAPP; PDAPP mice) show age-independent and age-related deficits in spatial learning. We used behavioral and electrophysiological techniques to determine in young and aged PDAPP mice whether deficits in spatial learning also involve alterations in(More)
We have recently identified a homogeneous population of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-containing neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA), an area implicated in the reinforcing properties of alcohol. We evaluated the effects of local and systemic ethanol on VTA GABA neuron spontaneous activity in ethanol naive and chronically treated freely behaving(More)
Mice overexpressing the human mutant beta-amyloid precursor protein (hbetaAPP; PDAPP mice) show deficits in hippocampal-dependent spatial learning and hippocampal short- and long-term plasticity at ages preceding Abeta plaque deposition. We determined whether young PDAPP mice also exhibit alterations in septohippocampal function in vivo, which plays an(More)
Addictive drugs have been hypothesized to access the same neurophysiological mechanisms as natural learning systems. These natural learning systems can be modeled through temporal-difference reinforcement learning (TDRL), which requires a reward-error signal that has been hypothesized to be carried by dopamine. TDRL learns to predict reward by driving that(More)
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