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The ectodomains of numerous proteins are released from cells by proteolysis to yield soluble intercellular regulators. The responsible protease, tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme (TACE), has been identified only in the case when tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) is released. Analyses of cells lacking this metalloproteinase-disintegrin(More)
Human breast cancer frequently metastasizes to the skeleton to cause osteolysis and subsequent pain, pathological fracture, and hypercalcemia. Because bone continuously releases growth factors stored in bone matrix by bone résorptionduring physiological remodeling and, thus, possibly provides a favorable microenvironment for metastatic breast cancer cells(More)
In regulatory toxicology studies, qualitative histopathological evaluation is the reference standard for assessment of test article-related morphological changes. In certain cases, quantitative analysis may be required to detect more subtle morphological changes, such as small changes in cell number. When the detection of subtle test article-related(More)
BACKGROUND Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha) is expressed in the heart and regulates genes involved in myocardial fatty acid oxidation (FAO). The role of PPAR-alpha in acute ischemia/reperfusion myocardial injury remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS The coronary arteries of male mice were ligated for 30 minutes. After(More)
Microarrays have been used to simultaneously monitor the expression of thousands of genes from biological samples, an approach that can potentially uncover previously unrecognized functions of genes. Microarray analyses can rarely be conducted retrospectively because of the requirement for RNA to be obtained from fresh or unfixed frozen tissues. Archived(More)
OBJECTIVE Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) contrast agents have been used for noninvasive MRI assessment of atherosclerotic plaque inflammation. The purpose of this study was to noninvasively evaluate USPIO uptake in aorta of apoE-/- mice and to determine the effects of Angiotensin II (Ang II) infusion and chronic antiinflammatory treatment(More)
This session at the 2010 joint symposium of the Society of Toxicologic Pathology (STP) and the International Federation of Societies of Toxicologic Pathologists (IFSTP) explored modern neuropathology methods for assessing the neurotoxicologic potential of xenobiotics. Conventional techniques to optimally prepare and evaluate the central and peripheral(More)
Recent evidence suggests p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of progressive renal disease. Using dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we evaluated chronic treatment with a p38 MAPK inhibitor,(More)
AIMS To establish a three dimensional reconstruction of an invasive breast carcinoma using basic laboratory equipment to evaluate and characterise the spatial arrangement of the parenchymal cells of the breast. METHODS One hundred and twenty eight sequential 4 microm sections (20 microm apart) of the tumour were stained immunohistochemically with an(More)
The proximal metaphyses of the humerus of weanling gnotobiotic dogs experimentally infected with canine distemper virus (CDV) were investigated histologically and immunocytochemically between 4 and 41 days after infection. Viral antigen was demonstrated in hematopoietic marrow and bone cells at postinfection day (PID) 5 and PID 7, respectively. Between PID(More)