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The ectodomains of numerous proteins are released from cells by proteolysis to yield soluble intercellular regulators. The responsible protease, tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme (TACE), has been identified only in the case when tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) is released. Analyses of cells lacking this metalloproteinase-disintegrin(More)
Microarrays have been used to simultaneously monitor the expression of thousands of genes from biological samples, an approach that can potentially uncover previously unrecognized functions of genes. Microarray analyses can rarely be conducted retrospectively because of the requirement for RNA to be obtained from fresh or unfixed frozen tissues. Archived(More)
In regulatory toxicology studies, qualitative histopathological evaluation is the reference standard for assessment of test article-related morphological changes. In certain cases, quantitative analysis may be required to detect more subtle morphological changes, such as small changes in cell number. When the detection of subtle test article-related(More)
BACKGROUND Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha) is expressed in the heart and regulates genes involved in myocardial fatty acid oxidation (FAO). The role of PPAR-alpha in acute ischemia/reperfusion myocardial injury remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS The coronary arteries of male mice were ligated for 30 minutes. After(More)
Bone remodeling changes bone mass, architecture, and thereby bone strength, during normal aging. These changes seem to be accelerated during the menopause. Several therapeutic agents have been used in order to delay the onset of the menopause-related changes. The effects of these agents on the remodeling process have been determined histomorphometrically in(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of Rho A and Rho-kinase in acute myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury and the protective effect of Rho-kinase inhibitor, Y-27632 [(R)-(+)-trans-N-(4-pyridyl)-4-(1-aminoethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide]. METHODS AND RESULTS Male CD1 mice were subjected to 30 min of coronary occlusion and 24 h reperfusion.(More)
To investigate the dose-dependent effects of risedronate on cancellous bone remodeling, adult female beagle dogs were treated with either placebo, 0.1, 0.5, or 2.5 mg/kg/day of risedronate orally in an intermittent cyclic regimen (7 days on 21 days off), repeated three times. Iliac cancellous bone samples were subjected to histomorphometric analysis and(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine by sequential quantitative morphometry the histogenesis of metaphyseal changes induced in rats fed high levels of dietary calcium and treated with pharmacologic doses of 1,25(OH)2D3. Young adult female rats were placed on a diet containing 2.5% calcium and 0.3% phosphorus and administered either ethanol or(More)
OBJECTIVE Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) contrast agents have been used for noninvasive MRI assessment of atherosclerotic plaque inflammation. The purpose of this study was to noninvasively evaluate USPIO uptake in aorta of apoE-/- mice and to determine the effects of Angiotensin II (Ang II) infusion and chronic antiinflammatory treatment(More)
Agents that exert anabolic effects on bone have generally been tested in young or estrogen-replete animals. It is unclear whether these agents exert similar effects in older ovariectomized (Ovx) animals. In this single study we examined the effects of intermittent (daily) human PTH-(1-34) and continuous infusion of human recombinant IGF-I alone and in(More)