Rogelio Hérnandez-Pando

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BACKGROUND A third of the world's population has latent infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and in areas of low endemicity, most cases of active tuberculosis arise as a result of reactivation of latent bacilli. We sought to establish the cellular location of these latent organisms to facilitate their elimination. METHODS We applied in-situ PCR to(More)
In the last decade, an unprecedented genetic diversity has been disclosed among Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains found worldwide. However, well-conserved genotypes seem to prevail in areas with high incidence of tuberculosis. As this may be related to selective advantages, such as advanced mechanisms to circumvent [M. bovis Bacille Calmette-Guerin(More)
Reactive oxygen species are involved in gentamicin (GM) nephrotoxicity, and garlic is effective in preventing or ameliorating oxidative stress. Therefore, the effect of garlic on GM nephrotoxicity was investigated in this work. Four groups of rats were studied: (i) fed normal diet (CT), (ii) treated with GM (GM), (iii) fed 2% garlic diet (GA), and (iv)(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is involved in cisplatin-nephrotoxicity. However, it has not completely established if reactive nitrogen species and nitrosative stress are involved in this experimental model. The purpose of this work was to study the role of peroxynitrite, a reactive nitrogen specie, in cisplatin-nephrotoxicity using the compound(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of tuberculosis (TB), has the ability to persist in its human host for exceptionally long periods of time. However, little is known about the location of the bacilli in latently infected individuals. Long-term mycobacterial persistence in the lungs has been reported, but this may not sufficiently(More)
The consumption of soy protein was shown to reduce blood lipids in humans and other animal species. Furthermore, it was shown that the ingestion of soy protein maintains normal insulinemia. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to determine whether soy protein affects the synthesis of lipids in the liver through sterol-regulatory element binding(More)
Reactive oxygen species have been involved in the pathophysiology of puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN)-nephrosis. The role of H2O2 in these rats may be studied modulating the amount or activity of catalase, which breakdowns H2O2 to water and oxygen. To explore the role of H2O2 in this experimental model, we studied the effect of the in vivo catalase inhibiton(More)
The innate immune response in human tuberculosis is not completely understood. To improve our knowledge regarding the role of cathelicidin hCAP-18/LL37 in the innate immune response to tuberculosis infection, we used immunohistochemistry, immunoelectron microscopy, and gene expression to study the induction and production of the antimicrobial peptide in(More)
BACKGROUND It has been established that hypothyroidism protects rats against renal ischemia and reperfusion (IR) oxidative damage. However, it is not clear if hypothyroidism is able to prevent protein tyrosine nitration, an index of nitrosative stress, induced by IR or if antioxidant enzymes have involved in this protective effect. In this work it was(More)
Phylogenetic analysis has shown that Beijing genotype strains can be grouped into at least 7 different sublineages. We aimed to test the hypothesis that the virulence of Beijing genotype strains differed among members of the different sublineages and that the level of virulence correlated with their ability to spread and cause disease. BALB/c mice were(More)