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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the oral dual ET(A)/ET(B) receptor antagonist bosentan on different surrogate markers in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). DESIGN AND SETTING Prospective, open label, uncontrolled study in a University Hospital in Brazil. POPULATION Fifteen PAH patients (11 females) with(More)
Patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension usually undergo acute vasodilator tests with nitric oxide (NO) for haemodynamic evaluation and therapeutical planning. The aim of this study was to evaluate the link between the variation of N-terminal (NT)-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and haemodynamic parameters during the acute(More)
The Dio2 gene encodes the type 2 deiodinase (D2) that activates thyroxine (T4) to 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T3), the disruption of which (Dio2(-/-)) results in brown adipose tissue (BAT)-specific hypothyroidism in an otherwise euthyroid animal. In the present studies, cold exposure increased Dio2(-/-) BAT sympathetic stimulation approximately 10-fold (normal(More)
The current report describes an outbreak of vesicular disease affecting dairy cows in midwestern Brazil in which a coinfection with 2 poxviruses-Vaccinia virus (VACV) and a parapoxvirus-was demonstrated. Milking cows presented vesicles, painful reddish or whitish papules, and scabby proliferative lesions in the teats and udder, in a clinical course of(More)
Bovine papular stomatitis virus (BPSV) is a parapoxvirus associated with papular and erosive lesions on the muzzle, lips, and oral mucosa of cattle. Teats of milking cows are occasionally affected, and the infection is frequently transmitted to human beings. The present report describes an outbreak of BPSV infection affecting cows in midwestern Brazil, with(More)
BACKGROUND Although the residual lesions after surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) can be evaluated by Doppler echocardiography (DE), the relation of DE parameters with the proBNP level, a potential biomarker of right ventricle overload, is not well known. The objective of this study was to evaluate the DE parameters and their relation to(More)
Uncoupling protein (UCP) mRNA levels were studied in the interscapular brown adipose tissue (BAT) of rats undergoing different manipulations of the adrenal function and BAT adrenergic stimulation. Adrenalectomy did not affect UCP mRNA levels for up to 8 days post-surgery. However, adrenalectomized rats underwent a greater increase in UCP mRNA levels (26%)(More)
PURPOSE To assessment of the aspartate aminotransferase (AST), creatine kinase (CK) and creatine kinase isoenzyme fraction MB (CK-MB) serum activity in female dogs anesthetized with ketamine S (+), atropine and xylazine in several associations. METHODS Twenty three healthy female dogs randomly distributed in four groups named as GI (n=6), GII (n=6), GIII(More)
In euthyroid rats, maximal sympathetic nervous system stimulation (e.g. during cold exposure) results in a 3- to 4-fold increase in brown adipose tissue lipogenesis, a response that is blunted in hypothyroid rats. To further investigate this phenomenon, the role of local type II 5'-deiodinase (5'-DII) was studied in freshly isolated brown adipocytes. In a(More)
The recent development of treatment modalities for patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension has been based on the evaluation of many different markers such as functional capacity, addressed by NYHA classification, six-minute walk test (6MWT) and hemodynamic parameters. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation of N-terminal(More)