Roelof A. de Paus

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Donor-derived T lymphocytes directed against minor histocompatibility antigens (mHags) exclusively expressed on cells of the hematopoietic lineages can eliminate hematologic malignancies. Transfer of T-cell receptors (TCRs) directed against these mHags into T lymphocytes may provide a strategy to generate antileukemic T cells. To investigate the feasibility(More)
Graft rejection after histocompatibility locus antigen (HLA)-identical stem cell transplantation results from the recognition of minor histocompatibility antigens on donor stem cells by immunocompetent T lymphocytes of recipient origin. T-lymphocyte clones that specifically recognize H-Y epitopes on male target cells have been generated during graft(More)
Rejection of a graft after human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical stem cell transplantation (SCT) can be caused by recipient's immunocompetent T lymphocytes recognizing minor histocompatibility antigens on donor stem cells. During rejection of a male stem cell graft by a female recipient, 2 male (H-Y)-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones were(More)
Patients with a relapse of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation can be successfully treated with blood mononuclear cells from the original bone marrow donor. However, the antileukemic effect of this treatment is often accompanied by graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Treatment with cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) lines or(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) have been generated in vitro against chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)-associated BCR/ABL-specific peptides. We analyzed the existence of high-avidity T cells recognizing endogenously processed BCR/ABL-specific proteins. DESIGN AND METHODS We performed binding studies of BCR/ABL-specific peptides,(More)
Interleukin-23 (IL-23) is a regulator of cellular immune responses involved in controlling infections and autoimmune diseases. Effects of IL-23 on T cells are mediated via a receptor complex consisting of an IL-12Rbeta1 and a specific IL-23R chain. The R381Q and P310L variants of the IL-23R were recently reported to be associated with autoimmune diseases,(More)
Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial diseases (MSMD) is a rare syndrome characterized by predisposition to severe, sometimes lethal, disease caused by otherwise poorly virulent mycobacteria. We report here a boy with a recurrent mycobacterial infection from the age of five months. Immunological analyses revealed an inability to respond to IFN-γ,(More)
NK and NK-like T cells play an essential role in linking innate and adaptive immunity through their ability to secrete IFN-gamma. The exact trigger initiating production of IFN-gamma is uncertain. Antigen-presenting cell (APC)-derived IL-12 is thought to be the classical IFN-gamma-inducing cytokine but requires an additional stimulus such as IFN-gamma(More)
Patients with mutations in IL12RB1, the gene encoding IL-12Rbeta1, suffer from combined IL-12R/IL-23R deficiency and are unusually susceptible to nontuberculous mycobacteria and salmonellae. The functional effects of amino acid changes in IL-12Rbeta1, however, have not been determined at the molecular level. Molecular complementation studies are essential(More)
Colony-stimulating factors (CSF) are important factors in the proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC), and in the survival and activation of mature blood cells. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) combined with fetal bovine serum (FBS) strongly induces the expression of macrophage-CSF (M-CSF), granulocyte-CSF (G-CSF), and(More)