Learn More
BACKGROUND Couples affected by idiopathic subfertility or male subfertility have an estimated spontaneous conception rate of about 2% per cycle. Although various infertility treatments are available, counselling of a couple in their choice of treatment is difficult because of the lack of consistent data from good-quality comparative studies. We compared the(More)
BACKGROUND The current study was designed to compare antral follicle count (AFC) and basal ovarian volume (BOV), the exogenous FSH ovarian reserve test (EFORT) and the clomiphene citrate challenge test (CCCT), with respect to their ability to predict poor and hyper responders. METHODS One hundred and ten regularly menstruating patients, aged 18-39 years,(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate whether values of FSH, LH, estradiol, anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), inhibin B, antral follicle count (AFC) and ovarian volume (OV) determined on day 7 of the hormone-free interval are similar to values measured on days 2-5 of two subsequent natural menstrual cycles. In addition, values measured on day 7 of the(More)
BACKGROUND The high iatrogenic multiple pregnancy rate associated with intrauterine insemination (IUI) in hyperstimulated cycles is becoming less acceptable. Therefore we investigated data from an earlier prospective trial with regard to the specific question of whether the application of mild hyperstimulation in IUI cycles could be an alternative strategy(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate marker distribution of free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (fbeta-hCG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) in singleton pregnancies conceived by assisted reproduction techniques (ART). METHODS In vitro fertilization (IVF) (n = 203) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) (n = 192) cases from a database of 14(More)
Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) are routinely used in IVF programmes to prevent an unwanted LH surge and consequent ovulation. Despite its widespread use in IVF, a convincing dose recommendation for GnRHa in IVF does not exist. In our opinion, the lowest possible dose of GnRHa should be used. Thus, we performed a prospective, randomized,(More)
STUDY QUESTION Is the selection of a single Day 3 embryo by metabolomic profiling of culture medium with near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as an adjunct to morphology able to improve live birth rates in IVF, compared with embryo selection by morphology alone? SUMMARY ANSWER The live birth rate after embryo selection by NIR spectroscopy and morphology is(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have investigated the association between subfertility in women and factors in early life such as birth weight and age at menarche, and most have produced contradictory results. In the present study, this association was investigated among women undergoing artificial reproductive techniques (ART), including IVF for reason of(More)
A retrospective analysis of clinical and laboratory data was made of all in-vitro fertilization (IVF) patients with tubal pathology who had their first ever embryo transfer cycle between January 1st, 1992 and September 1st, 1996. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of the presence of a hydrosalpinx, whether or not visible by ultrasound, on(More)
BACKGROUND Advancing female age is associated with declining fertility potential due to decreasing numbers and quality of oocytes but also with a distinct increase in dizygotic twinning rates, a phenomenon that has never been explained. METHOD An analysis of follicle development was made in 959 spontaneous ovulatory cycles of 507 women. RESULTS Multiple(More)