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OBJECTIVE Our objective was to evaluate the risk for endometrial cancer in relation to reproductive, menstrual, and medical factors. STUDY DESIGN A case-control study of 405 endometrial cancer cases and 297 population controls in five areas of the United States enabled risk to be evaluated. RESULTS A major risk factor was the absence of a prior(More)
OBJECTIVE Although human papillomavirus causes essentially all cervical carcinoma, cofactors may differ by cancer histologic type. We examined human papillomavirus genotypes and sexual and reproductive risk factors for cervical adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. STUDY DESIGN One hundred twenty-four women with adenocarcinoma, 139 women with(More)
From 1977 to 1984 the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) conducted a prospective clinical and surgical staging protocol of squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva (n = 637). The patients with superficial (5 mm or less invasion) lesions were the subject of a previous report (n = 272). The subject of this report is on factors that predict groin node metastasis(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that identified risk factors for endometrial cancer operate through a single etiologic pathway, i.e., exposure to relatively high levels of unopposed estrogen (estrogen in the absence of progestins). Only a few studies, however, have addressed this issue directly. PURPOSE We assessed the risk of developing endometrial(More)
OBJECTIVES Few studies of smoking and cervical carcinoma have addressed the rare cervical adenocarcinomas or used DNA-based tests to control for human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. METHODS This multicenter case-control study included 124 adenocarcinoma cases, 307 community controls (matched on age, race, and residence to adenocarcinoma cases), and 139(More)
Analysis of 588 patients with vulvar carcinoma delineated four risk groups by the proportional hazards model. Groin node status (laterality and number positive) and lesion diameter were the only two important independent prognostic factors. The 5-year relative survival rates were 98%, 87%, 75%, and 29% for the risk group categories of minimal (negative(More)
A randomized clinical trial was conducted in women with stage III ovarian carcinoma (less than or equal to 1 cm residual lesions), using cyclophosphamide plus cisplatin (CP) with or without doxorubicin. There were 349 evaluable patients, of whom 176 received CP while 173 patients received CP plus doxorubicin (CAP). Hematologic toxicity was almost identical.(More)
We performed a multi-institutional, incident case-control study of 328 endometrioid and 26 serous carcinomas to assess whether risk factors and circulating hormone levels in women with serous carcinoma differ from the expected profile for endometrial carcinoma We also evaluated exposures potentially related to endometrial cancer risk, anthropometric(More)
BACKGROUND Hormonal factors may play a more prominent role in cervical adenocarcinoma than squamous cell carcinoma. The authors evaluated whether obesity, which can influence hormone levels, was associated with adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS This case-control study included 124 patients with adenocarcinoma, 139 matched patients with(More)