Learn More
Androgens have been used in the treatment of bone marrow failure syndromes without a clear understanding of their mechanism of action. Blood counts of patients with dyskeratosis congenita or aplastic anemia with mutations in telomerase genes can improve with androgen therapy. Here we observed that exposure in vitro of normal peripheral blood lymphocytes and(More)
Telomeres and telomere repair are basic molecular features of cells possessing linear DNA chromosomes and defects in them result in various diseases. This review examines recent advances in understanding these diseases, particularly at a molecular level, and in relating telomere dysfunction to clinical diseases. We also discuss the potential role of(More)
Human telomerase uses a specific cellular RNA, called hTERC, as the template to synthesize telomere repeats at chromosome ends. Approximately 10% to 15% of patients with aplastic anemia or other bone marrow failure syndromes are carriers of hTERC sequence variants whose functional significance, in most cases, is unknown. We screened 10 reported and 2 newly(More)
BACKGROUND Telomerase is an enzyme specialized in maintaining telomere lengths in highly proliferative cells. Loss-of-function mutations cause critical telomere shortening and are associated with the bone marrow failure syndromes dyskeratosis congenita and aplastic anemia and with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Here, we sought to determine the spectrum of(More)
Human telomerase hTERC RNA serves as a template for the catalytic hTERT protein to synthesize telomere repeats at chromosome ends. We have recently shown that some patients with bone marrow failure syndromes are heterozygous carriers for hTERC or hTERT mutations. These sequence variations usually lead to a compromised telomerase function by(More)
Human bone marrow (BM) failure mediated by the immune system can be modeled in mice. In the present study, infusion of lymph node (LN) cells from C57BL/6 mice into C.B10-H2(b)/LilMcd (C.B10) recipients that are mismatched at multiple minor histocompatibility Ags, including the immunodominant Ag H60, produced fatal aplastic anemia. Declining blood counts(More)
In many animals, blood cell production occurs in the bone marrow. Hematopoiesis is complex, requiring self-renewing and pluripotent stem cells, differentiated progenitor and precursor cells, and supportive stroma, adipose tissue, vascular structures, and extracellular matrix. Although imaging is a vital tool in hematology research, the 3-dimensional(More)
Infusion of parental lymph node (LN) cells into sublethally irradiated hybrid F1 recipients created a murine model for bone marrow (BM) failure. Affected animals developed fatal pancytopenia within 2 to 3 weeks, accompanied by BM oligoclonal T-cell infiltration and severe marrow hypoplasia indicated by approximately 10-fold declines in total BM cellularity,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Expression of the multidrug resistance P-glycoprotein, a transmembrane drug transporter, is influenced by recently described polymorphisms of the human MDR1 gene. Hematopoietic cells, such as lymphocytes, and hematopoietic stem cells, express P-glycoprotein, but the effect of MDR1 gene polymorphisms on P-glycoprotein activity in(More)