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The beneficial effects of exercise in reducing the incidence of cardiovascular diseases are well known and the abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) has been associated to cardiovascular disorders. Previous studies showed that heart protection to ischemic events would be mediated by increasing the antioxidant enzyme activities. Here, we investigated(More)
Ovariectomy leads to significant increase in body weight, but the possible peripheral mechanisms involved in weight gain are still unknown. Since exercise and thyroid hormones modulate energy balance, we aimed to study the effect of swimming training on body weight gain and brown adipose tissue (BAT) type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase responses in(More)
In humans, there is a significant decrease in serum T(3) and increase in rT(3) at different time points after myocardial infarction, whereas serum TSH and T(4) remain unaltered. We report here a time course study of pituitary-thyroid function and thyroid hormone metabolism in rats subjected to myocardial infarction by left coronary ligation (INF). INF- and(More)
The abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) may cause side effects in several tissues. Oxidative stress is linked to the pathophysiology of most of these alterations, being involved in fibrosis, cellular proliferation, tumorigenesis, amongst others. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the impact of supraphysiological doses of nandrolone(More)
High doses of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) impair the cardioprotective effects of exercise against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) insult, possibly through cellular redox imbalance. Here, the effect of nandrolone decanoate (DECA) treatment on heart redox metabolism was investigated during I/R in sedentary and exercised rats. DECA treatment significantly(More)
This study investigated the role of opioid receptor (OR) subtypes as a mechanism by which endurance exercise promotes cardioprotection against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Wistar rats were randomly divided into one of seven experimental groups: 1) control; 2) exercise-trained; 3) exercise-trained plus a non-selective OR antagonist; 4)(More)
Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, and while great advances have been made particularly in chemotherapy, many types of cancer still present a dismal prognosis. In the case of glioma, temozolomide (TMZ) is the main option for treatment, but it has limited success due to drug resistance. While this resistance is usually associated to DNA repair(More)
BACKGROUND Dual oxidases (DUOX1 and DUOX2) are NADPH oxidases (NOX) involved in hydrogen peroxide production necessary for thyroid hormonogenesis, but recently, the NOX4 has also been described in the thyroid gland. The prevalence of thyroid disease is higher in women, and the basis for this difference might involve a higher oxidative stress level in the(More)
PURPOSE The administration of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) to improve athletic performance has increased notably during the past three decades, even among nonathletes. Thyroid function is affected by AAS use in humans, although the mechanisms of the effects of AAS are unclear. We evaluated the effects on thyroid function of supraphysiologic doses of(More)
Iodothyronine deiodinase activities are regulated by sex steroids; however, the mechanisms underlying the reported sexual dimorphism are poorly defined. In the present report, we aimed to investigate whether type 1 deiodinase (D1) sexual dimorphism exists early in sexual development by studying pre-pubertal male (Pm) and female (Pf) rats, as well as adult(More)