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Hemicelluloses are polysaccharides of low molecular weight containing 100 to 200 glycosidic residues. In plants, the xylans or the hemicelluloses are situated between the lignin and the collection of cellulose fibers underneath. The xylan is the most common hemicellulosic polysaccharide in cell walls of land plants, comprising a backbone of xylose residues(More)
An exo-PG obtained from Penicillium viridicatum in submerged fermentation was purified to homogeneity. The apparent molecular weight of the enzyme was 92 kDa, optimum pH and temperature for activity were pH 5 and 50-55 degrees C. The exo-PG showed a profile of an exo-polygalacturonase, releasing galacturonic acid by hydrolysis of pectin with a high degree(More)
An extracellular polygalacturonase was isolated from 5-day culture filtrates of Thermoascus aurantiacus CBMAI-756 and purified by gel filtration and ion-exchange chromatography. The enzyme was maximally active at pH 5.5 and 60–65°C. The apparent K m with citrus pectin was 1.46 mg/ml and the V max was 2433.3 μmol/min/mg. The apparent molecular weight of the(More)
Protease production was carried out in solid state fermentation. The enzyme was purified through precipitation with ethanol at 72% followed by chromatographies in columns of Sephadex G75 and Sephacryl S100. It was purified 80-fold and exhibited recovery of total activity of 0.4%. SDS-PAGE analysis indicated an estimated molecular mass of 24.5 kDa and the(More)
Polygalacturonases are enzymes involved in the degradation of pectic substances, being extensively used in food industries, textile processing, degumming of plant rough fibres, and treatment of pectic wastewaters. Polygalacturonase (PG) production by thermophilic fungus Thermoascus aurantiacus on solid-state fermentation was carried out in culture media(More)
Peptidases are important because they play a central role in pharmaceutical, food, environmental, and other industrial processes. A serine peptidase from Aspergillus terreus was isolated after two chromatography steps that showed a yield of 15.5%. Its molecular mass was determined to be 43 kD, by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(More)
UNLABELLED For the first time, the production of an extracellular β-glucosidase (Sp-β-gl) by a Sporidiobolus pararoseus yeast strain is reported. The Sp-β-gl activity was quantified, characterized, and assessed for its efficiency in releasing aroma-enhancing compounds in wines. The maximum enzymatic synthesis was after 72 h of growth in a complex media with(More)
This article investigates a strain of the yeast Aureobasidium pullulans for cellulase and hemicellulase production in solid state fermentation. Among the substrates analyzed, the wheat bran culture presented the highest enzymatic production (1.05 U/mL endoglucanase, 1.3 U/mL beta-glucosidase, and 5.0 U/mL xylanase). Avicelase activity was not detected. The(More)
Microbial pectinase production by submerged fermentation (SMF) has been conducted mainly using mesophilic microorganisms. However, the use of thermophilic fungal strains capable of producing thermostable and thermophilic enzymes offers specific alternatives to biotechnology processes that use enzymes with such characteristics. Pectinases produced by(More)
The present study compared the production and the catalytic properties of amylolytic enzymes obtained from the fungi Lichtheimia ramosa (mesophilic) and Thermoascus aurantiacus (thermophilic). The highest amylase production in both fungi was observed in wheat bran supplemented with nutrient solution (pH 4.0) after 96 hours of cultivation, reaching 417.2 U/g(More)