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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the effect of standing frame and electrical stimulation on bone quality in a rodent transection model of spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN Seven-week-old male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: sham, n = 10; SCI, n = 7; SCI + standing frame, n = 7; and SCI + electrical stimulation, n = 7. Complete SCI(More)
BACKGROUND Rat tail suspension is an accepted method to create experimental osteopenia. However, suspension periods longer than 3 wk may cause tail skin sloughing or rat slippage. The hypothesis was that a traction system with skeletal anchorage through one tail vertebra would prolong the suspension time without significant complications. METHODS There(More)
BACKGROUND Unstable distal femoral fractures in children are challenging lesions with restricted surgical options for adequate stabilization. Elastic nails have become popular for treating femoral shaft fractures, yet they are still challenging for using in distal fractures. The aim of this study was to test whether end caps (CAP) inserted into the nail(More)
Infiltration of surgical wounds with long-acting local anaesthetics (LA) is used to reduce postoperative incisional pain. We hypothesised that infiltration with LA interferes with wound healing in rats. Seventy-two rats were allocated into nine groups. After intraperitoneal anaesthesia, the interscapular dorsal region was infiltrated with equivolumes of(More)
OBJECTIVE To mechanically and histologically evaluate the application of low-level laser therapy to the reparative process on lesions caused by impact on the gastrocnemius muscles of rats. METHODS 45 female Wistar rats were divided into three groups (n=15/ group): C (control, no lesion), ML (muscle lesion) and ML-L (muscle lesion and laser therapy). The(More)
BACKGROUND Rotational osteotomy is frequently indicated to correct excessive femoral anteversion in cerebral palsy patients. Angled blade plate is the standard fixation device used when performed in the proximal femur, but extensile exposure is required for plate accommodation. The authors developed a short locked intramedullary nail to be applied(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the influence of the diameter and the preparation of the pilot hole on the resistance to the pulling out and the strength when inserting pedicle screws with conical internal diameter. METHODS Mechanical experiments were performed with pedicle conical screws of 4.2 mm and 5.2 mm diameter. They were inserted in the vertebral pedicles(More)
OBJECTIVE To carry out a biomechanical study of four techniques for fixation of four-part humeral head fractures. METHODS The fracture was reproduced in 40 plastic humeri, divided into groups of ten according to the fixation technique, each one employing different fixation resources, in different configurations. The humeral models were mounted on an(More)
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