Rodrigo Manjarín

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The growth rate of piglets is limited by sow milk yield, which reflects the extent of epithelial growth and differentiation in the mammary glands (MG) during pregnancy. Prolactin (PRL) promotes both the growth and differentiation of the mammary epithelium, where the lactational success of pigs is absolutely dependent on PRL exposure during late gestation.(More)
The objective of these experiments was to test the hypothesis that transcript abundance of cationic AA transporter- and milk protein-encoding genes increase in the porcine mammary gland in response to higher lactation demand. Genes of interest included those encoding for the milk proteins α-lactalbumin (α-LA) and β-casein (β-CN; LALBA and CSN2,(More)
Suboptimal nutrient intake represents a limiting factor for growth and long-term survival of low-birth weight infants. The objective of this study was to determine if in neonates who can consume only 70 % of their protein and energy requirements for 8 days, enteral leucine supplementation will upregulate the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway in(More)
To ensure sufficient numbers of pregnant females, particularly at hotter times of the year, hormonal induction of gilt oestrus may be necessary. However, the gilt oestrus and ovulation responses to gonadotrophin treatment have often proven unpredictable. The objective of this study was to examine possible reasons for this unpredictability. Prepubertal gilts(More)
At face value there are clear and established roles for prolactin (PRL) in the regulation of mammary gland growth, lactogenesis, and galactopoiesis. These actions of PRL do not occur in isolation; rather, they are finely attuned to and coordinated with many local, reproductive, and metabolic events in the female. Hence, to understand PRL action at the level(More)
To test the hypothesis that reduction in dietary CP concentration coupled with crystalline AA inclusion increases the efficiency of AA use for milk production, mammary AA arteriovenous concentration differences (A-V), AA transport efficiency (A-V/A × 100), and transcript abundance of AA transporters and milk protein genes were determined in lactating sows(More)
Prolactin, glucocorticoids, and insulin are commonly used to induce milk protein synthesis in bovine mammary cell cultures. In addition, administration of GH increases milk yield in dairy cows, likely via the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and IGF-I synthesis. As such, the hypothesis of this study was that mRNA abundance of hormone receptors,(More)
The mammary glands of pigs share many functional and morphological similarities with the breasts of humans, raising the potential of their utility for research into the mechanisms underlying normal mammary function and breast carcinogenesis. Here we sought to establish a model for the efficient manipulation and transformation of porcine mammary epithelial(More)
The voluntary consumption of alcohol by humans is a modifiable lifestyle factor that has been consistently linked to a woman's risk of developing breast cancer. We have used an animal model that closely recapitulates breast development in humans to study the effect of alcohol intake on breast growth and morphology. Pubertal female pigs were fed alcohol for(More)
Variation in cellular activity in a tissue induces changes in RNA concentration, which affects the validity of gene mRNA abundance analyzed by reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). A common way of accounting for such variation consists of the use of reference genes for normalization. Programs such as geNorm may be used to select suitable(More)