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Intermittent hypoxia, a feature of obstructive sleep apnoea, potentiates ventilatory hypoxic responses, alters heart rate variability and produces hypertension, partially owing to an enhanced carotid body responsiveness to hypoxia. Since oxidative stress is a potential mediator of both chemosensory and cardiorespiratory alterations, we hypothesised that an(More)
Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), a main feature of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), increases hypoxic ventilatory responses and elicits hypertension, partially attributed to an enhance carotid body (CB) responsiveness to hypoxia. As inflammation has been involved in CIH-induced hypertension and chemosensory potentiation, we tested whether ibuprofen may(More)
To understand the interplay between microcirculatory control and carotid body (CB) function, we simultaneously measured carotid body microvascular PO2 (CBM PO2) and chemosensory activity in the cat in vivo under several experimental conditions. Cats were anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium, paralyzed, and artificially ventilated. CBs were exposed, and(More)
Several molecules have been proposed as excitatory transmitters between glomus (type 1) cells and nerve terminals of petrosal ganglion (PG) neurons in the carotid body (CB). We tested whether ACh and ATP have a role to play as excitatory transmitters in the cat CB by recording intracellularly from identified PG neurons functionally connected to the CB in(More)
The hypothesis that CO-binding pigments in the carotid body participate in O2 chemoreception was tested. The chemosensory nerve discharges of cat carotid body perfused and superfused in vitro at 36-37 degrees C with cell-free solution containing CO2-HCO3- (pH approximately equal to 7.39) were recorded to monitor O2 chemoreception. Several levels of PCO(More)
The obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome, characterized by repeated episodes of intermittent hypoxia is recognized as an independent risk factor for hypertension. One potential contributing mechanism to the OSA-induced hypertension is the potentiation of the carotid body chemosensory responses to hypoxia, which is responsible for the augmented sympathetic(More)
The carotid body (CB) plays a main role in the maintenance of the oxygen homeostasis. The hypoxic stimulation of the CB increases the chemosensory discharge, which in turn elicits reflex sympathetic, cardiovascular, and ventilatory adjustments. An exacerbate carotid chemosensory activity has been associated with human sympathetic-mediated diseases such as(More)
Avocado (Persea americana Mill.) trees are among the most sensitive of fruit tree species to root hypoxia as a result of flooded or poorly drained soil. Similar to drought stress, an early physiological response to root hypoxia in avocado is a reduction of stomatal conductance. It has been previously determined in avocado trees that an extracellular(More)
The effects of domperidone, antagonist of D2 receptors, on arterial chemoreceptor activity were studied in spontaneously breathing and pentobarbitone anesthetized cats, in which recordings of chemosensory impulse activity were obtained simultaneously from both cut carotid (sinus) nerves. Intravenous injections of domperidone 50 micrograms/kg produced a(More)
The carotid body (CB) is the main arterial chemoreceptor. The most accepted model of arterial chemoreception postulates that carotid body glomus (type I) cells are the primary receptors, which are synaptically connected to the nerve terminals of petrosal ganglion (PG) neurons. In response to natural stimuli, glomus cells are expected to release one (or(More)