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Journals and Conferences
Contractile forces generated by the actomyosin cytoskeleton within individual cells collectively generate tissue-level force during epithelial morphogenesis. During Drosophila mesoderm invagination, pulsed actomyosin meshwork contractions and a ratchet-like stabilization of cell shape drive apical constriction. Here, we investigate how contractile forces… (More)
Cell rearrangements shape the Drosophila embryo via spatially regulated changes in cell shape and adhesion. We show that Bazooka/Par-3 (Baz) is required for the planar polarized distribution of myosin II and adherens junction proteins and polarized intercalary behavior is disrupted in baz mutants. The myosin II activator Rho-kinase is asymmetrically… (More)
In this article, we present a novel method for the automatic 3D reconstruction of thick tissue blocks from 2D histological sections. The algorithm completes a high-content (multiscale, multifeature) imaging system for simultaneous morphological and molecular analysis of thick tissue samples. This computer-based system integrates image acquisition,… (More)
Fluctuations in the size of the apical cell surface have been associated with apical constriction and tissue invagination. However, it is currently not known if apical oscillatory behaviors are a unique property of constricting cells or if they constitute a universal feature of the force balance between cells in multicellular tissues. Here, we set out to… (More)
Axis elongation in Drosophila occurs through polarized cell rearrangements driven by actomyosin contractility. Myosin II promotes neighbor exchange through the contraction of single cell boundaries, while the contraction of myosin II structures spanning multiple pairs of cells leads to rosette formation. Here we show that multicellular actomyosin cables… (More)
Statistical analysis of genetic changes within cell nuclei that are far from the primary tumor would help determine whether such changes have occurred prior to tumor invasion. To determine whether the gene amplification in cells is morphologically and/or genetically related to the primary tumor requires quantitative evaluation of a large number of cell… (More)
We have built a novel computational microscopy platform that integrates image acquisition, storage, processing and analysis to study cell populations in situ. This platform allows high-content studies where multiple features are measured and linked at multiple scales. We used this approach to study the cellular composition and architecture of the mouse… (More)
We present a new system for simultaneous morphological and molecular analysis of thick tissue samples. The system is composed of a computer-assisted microscope and a JAVA-based image display, analysis, and visualization program that allows acquisition, annotation, meaningful storage, three-dimensional reconstruction, and analysis of structures of interest… (More)
Multicellular organization is determined by the balance of forces between cells as much as by the expression of genes. A recent study in Drosophila combines physical modeling with experimental measurements and mechanical perturbations to shed light on the processes that influence cell patterns in vivo.
Actomyosin contractility is the major force-generating machinery that shapes cells and tissues during morphogenesis. New evidence from Drosophila demonstrates that these forces are spatially organized by a combination of biochemical and mechanical signals that provide dynamic feedback in a complex cellular environment.