Rodrigo F. M. de Almeida

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The ternary system palmitoylsphingomyelin (PSM)/palmitoyloleoylphosphatidylcholine (POPC)/cholesterol is used to model lipid rafts. The phase behavior of the three binary systems PSM/POPC, PSM/cholesterol, and POPC/cholesterol is first experimentally determined. Phase coexistence boundaries are then determined for ternary mixtures at room temperature (23(More)
Influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) has been suggested to be enriched in liquid-ordered lipid domains named rafts, which represent an important step in virus assembly. We employed Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) via fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy to study the interaction of the cytoplasmic and transmembrane domain (TMD) of HA with agly co(More)
The ternary lipid system palmitoylsphingomyelin (PSM)/palmitoyloleoylphosphatidylcholine (POPC)/cholesterol is a model for lipid rafts. Previously the phase diagram for that mixture was obtained, establishing the composition and boundaries for lipid rafts. In the present work, this system is further studied in order to characterize the size of the rafts.(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the rate of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) diffusion through the plasma membrane decreases during adaptation to H(2)O(2) by a still unknown mechanism. Here, adaptation to H(2)O(2) was observed to modulate rapidly the expression of genes coding for enzymes involved in ergosterol and lipid metabolism. Adaptation to H(2)O(2) also(More)
To better understand how ceramide modulates the biophysical properties of the membrane, the interactions between palmitoyl-ceramide (PCer) and palmitoyl-sphingomyelin (PSM) were studied in the presence of the fluid phospholipid palmitoyl-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) in membrane model systems. The use of two fluorescent membrane probes distinctly(More)
The mechanism of action of 2-hydroxyoleic acid (2OHOA), a potent antitumor compound, has not yet been fully elucidated. Here, we show that human cancer cells have markedly lower levels of sphingomyelin (SM) than nontumor (MRC-5) cells. In this context, 2OHOA treatment strongly augments SM mass (4.6-fold), restoring the levels found in MRC-5 cells, while a(More)
Cellulases play a key role in enzymatic routes for degradation of plant cell-wall polysaccharides into simple and economically-relevant sugars. However, their low performance on complex substrates and reduced stability under industrial conditions remain the main obstacle for the large-scale production of cellulose-derived products and biofuels. Thus, in(More)
The effect of physiologically relevant ceramide concentrations (< or = 4 mol %) in raft model membranes with a lipid composition resembling that of cell membranes, i.e., composed of different molar ratios of an unsaturated glycerophospholipid, sphingomyelin, and cholesterol (Chol) along a liquid-disordered-liquid-ordered tie line was explored. The(More)
A uniquely sensitive method for ceramide domain detection allowed us to study in detail cholesterol-ceramide interactions in lipid bilayers with low (physiological) ceramide concentrations, ranging from low or no cholesterol (a situation similar to intracellular membranes, such as endoplasmic reticulum) to high cholesterol (similar to mammalian plasma(More)
Ceramide (Cer) is involved in the regulation of several biological processes, such as apoptosis and cell signaling. The alterations induced by Cer in the biophysical properties of membranes are thought to be one of the major routes of Cer action. To gain further knowledge about the alterations induced by Cer, membrane reorganization by the very long chain(More)