Rodrigo Alzamora

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The aim of the present study was to demonstrate rapid effects of aldosterone on the Na(+)-H(+) exchanger in strips of human vascular vessels and to determine whether 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase enzyme (11beta-HSD) could play a protective role in this response, such as that described for the classic type I mineralocorticoid receptor (MR). The(More)
The estrogen sex steroid 17beta-estradiol rapidly inhibits secretagogue-stimulated cAMP-dependent Cl(-) secretion in the female rat distal colonic crypt by the inhibition of basolateral K(+) channels. In Ussing chamber studies, both the anti-secretory response and inhibition of basolateral K(+) current was shown to be attenuated by pretreatment with(More)
The metabolic sensor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) regulates several transport proteins, potentially coupling transport activity to cellular stress and energy levels. The creatine transporter (CRT; SLC6A8) mediates creatine uptake into several cell types, including kidney epithelial cells, where it has been proposed that CRT is important for(More)
Studies from our laboratory have demonstrated rapid ( < 1 min) non-genomic activation of Na(+)-H(+) exchange, K(+) recycling, PKC activity and a PKC-dependent Ca(2+) entry through L-type Ca(2+) channels specifically by mineralocorticoids in distal colon. Aldosterone directly stimulates the activity of the PKC alpha isoform (but not PKC delta, PKC epsilon(More)
The non-genomic action of steroid hormones regulates a wide variety of cellular responses including regulation of ion transport, cell proliferation, migration, death and differentiation. In order to achieve such plethora of effects steroid hormones utilize nearly all known signal transduction pathways. One of the key signalling molecules regulating the(More)
Fifty years ago, Hans Ussing described the mechanism by which ions are actively transported across frog skin. Since then, an enormous amount of effort has been invested in determining the cellular and molecular specifics of the transport mechanisms and their regulatory pathways. Ion transport in high-resistance epithelia is regulated by a variety of(More)
Aldosterone is a crucial modulator of ion transport across high resistance epithelia and regulates whole body electrolyte balance through its effects on the kidney and colon. The net consequence of aldosterone release is to promote salt conservation. The genomic mechanism of aldosterone action is relatively well characterized and the role of the classical(More)
The vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) in type A kidney intercalated cells is a major contributor to acid excretion in the collecting duct. The mechanisms of V-ATPase-trafficking regulation in kidney intercalated cells have not been well-characterized. In developmentally related epididymal clear cells, we showed previously that PKA, acting downstream of(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the biological effects of angiotensin-(1-9), but available evidence shows that angiotensin-(1-9) has beneficial effects in preventing/ameliorating cardiovascular remodeling. OBJECTIVE In this study, we evaluated whether angiotensin-(1-9) decreases hypertension and reverses experimental cardiovascular damage in the rat. (More)
Excessive Cl(-) secretion is the driving force for secretory diarrhea. 17β-Estradiol has been shown to inhibit Cl(-) secretion in rat distal colon through a nongenomic pathway. We examined whether 17β-estradiol inhibits Cl(-) secretion in an animal model of secretory diarrhea and the downstream effectors involved. The effect of 17β-estradiol on cholera(More)