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The vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) is a major contributor to luminal acidification in epithelia of Wolffian duct origin. In both kidney-intercalated cells and epididymal clear cells, cAMP induces V-ATPase apical membrane accumulation, which is linked to proton secretion. We have shown previously that the A subunit in the cytoplasmic V(1) sector of the(More)
Studies from our laboratory have demonstrated rapid ( < 1 min) non-genomic activation of Na(+)-H(+) exchange, K(+) recycling, PKC activity and a PKC-dependent Ca(2+) entry through L-type Ca(2+) channels specifically by mineralocorticoids in distal colon. Aldosterone directly stimulates the activity of the PKC alpha isoform (but not PKC delta, PKC epsilon(More)
The metabolic sensor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) regulates several transport proteins, potentially coupling transport activity to cellular stress and energy levels. The creatine transporter (CRT; SLC6A8) mediates creatine uptake into several cell types, including kidney epithelial cells, where it has been proposed that CRT is important for(More)
Fifty years ago, Hans Ussing described the mechanism by which ions are actively transported across frog skin. Since then, an enormous amount of effort has been invested in determining the cellular and molecular specifics of the transport mechanisms and their regulatory pathways. Ion transport in high-resistance epithelia is regulated by a variety of(More)
The aim of the present study was to demonstrate rapid effects of aldosterone on the Na(+)-H(+) exchanger in strips of human vascular vessels and to determine whether 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase enzyme (11beta-HSD) could play a protective role in this response, such as that described for the classic type I mineralocorticoid receptor (MR). The(More)
Aldosterone is a crucial modulator of ion transport across high resistance epithelia and regulates whole body electrolyte balance through its effects on the kidney and colon. The net consequence of aldosterone release is to promote salt conservation. The genomic mechanism of aldosterone action is relatively well characterized and the role of the classical(More)
The vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) in intercalated cells contributes to luminal acidification in the kidney collecting duct and nonvolatile acid excretion. We previously showed that the A subunit in the cytoplasmic V1 sector of the V-ATPase (ATP6V1A) is phosphorylated by the metabolic sensor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in vitro and in kidney cells.(More)
The estrogen sex steroid 17beta-estradiol rapidly inhibits secretagogue-stimulated cAMP-dependent Cl(-) secretion in the female rat distal colonic crypt by the inhibition of basolateral K(+) channels. In Ussing chamber studies, both the anti-secretory response and inhibition of basolateral K(+) current was shown to be attenuated by pretreatment with(More)
The secretion of Cl(-) across distal colonic crypt cells provides the driving force for the movement of fluid into the luminal space. 17beta-Estradiol (E2) produces a rapid and sustained reduction in secretion in females, which is dependent on the novel protein kinase C delta (PKC delta) isozyme and PKA isoform I targeting of KCNQ1 channels. This sexual(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) is a signal transduction protein that has been proposed to mediate rapid responses to steroid hormones. Previously, we have shown aldosterone directly activates PKCalpha whereas 17beta-estradiol activates PKCalpha and PKCdelta; however, neither the binding to PKCs nor the mechanism of action has been established. To determine the(More)