Rodolphe Hamel

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UNLABELLED Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family, which includes dengue, West Nile, yellow fever, and Japanese encephalitis viruses, that causes a mosquito-borne disease transmitted by the Aedes genus, with recent outbreaks in the South Pacific. Here we examine the importance of human skin in the entry of ZIKV and its(More)
The ultimate stage of the transmission of Dengue Virus (DENV) to man is strongly dependent on crosstalk between the virus and the immune system of its vector Aedes aegypti (Ae. aegypti). Infection of the mosquito's salivary glands by DENV is the final step prior to viral transmission. Therefore, in the present study, we have determined the modulatory(More)
The ubiquitous presence of nanoparticles (NPs) together with increasing evidence linking them to negative health effects points towards the need to develop the understanding of mechanisms by which they exert toxic effects. This study was designed to investigate the role of surface area and oxidative stress in the cellular effects of two chemically distinct(More)
The initiation of an inflammatory process is the main adverse effect observed following the exposure of the airway epithelium to nanoparticles (NPs). This study was designed to explore the pro-inflammatory potential of two different NPs of similar size but of different compositions (CB 13 nm and TiO(2) 15 nm) on a human bronchial epithelial cell line(More)
Dengue virus (DENV) infection is the most prevalent mosquito-borne viral diseases in the world. Vector-mediated transmission of DENV is initiated when a blood-feeding female Aedes mosquito injects saliva, together with the virus, into the skin of its mammalian host. Understanding the role of skin immune cells in the activation of innate immunity to DENV at(More)
Very recently, Zika virus (ZIKV) has gained a medical importance following the large-scale epidemics in South Pacific and Latin America. This paper reviews information on the epidemiology and clinical features of Zika disease with a particular emphasis on the host-virus interactions that contribute to the pathogenicity of ZIKV in humans.
Mosquitoes-borne viruses are a major threat for human populations. Among them, chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and dengue virus (DENV) cause thousands of cases worldwide. The recent propagation of mosquito vectors competent to transmit these viruses to temperate areas increases their potential impact on susceptible human populations. The development of sensitive(More)
ZIKA virus (ZIKV) is a newly emerging arbovirus. Since its discovery 60years ago in Uganda, it has spread throughout the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, emphasizing the capacity of ZIKV to spread to non-endemic regions worldwide. Although infection with ZIKV often leads to mild disease, its recent emergence in the Americas has coincided with an(More)
Neurodegeneration is a common neuropathological feature of prion diseases. Although evidence of apoptosis was found in natural and experimental prion diseases, the precise mechanisms by which neurons die are poorly understood. The pro-apoptotic BAX protein, a key factor of the mitochondrial pathway, plays a central role in the regulation of neuronal(More)