Rodolphe Dusaulcy

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Apelin is a peptide present in different cell types and secreted by adipocytes in humans and rodents. Apelin exerts its effects through a G-protein-coupled receptor called APJ. During the past years, a role of apelin/APJ in energy metabolism has emerged. Apelin was shown to stimulate glucose uptake in skeletal muscle through an AMP-activated protein kinase(More)
The objective of the present study was to characterize the nature of the autocrine/paracrine signal within human adipose tissue that may alter glucose metabolism and the inflammatory status in adipocytes. We prepared a conditioned medium from abdominal dermolipectomies in the absence (CM) or the presence (CMBSA) of bovine serum albumin (BSA), and we tested(More)
Autotaxin (ATX) is a secreted lysophospholipase D that generates the lipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). ATX is secreted by adipose tissue and its expression is enhanced in obese/insulin-resistant individuals. Here, we analyzed the specific contribution of adipose-ATX to fat expansion associated with nutritional obesity and its consequences on(More)
Autotaxin (ATX) is a lysophospholipase D involved in synthesis of a bioactive mediator: lysophosphatidic. ATX is abundantly produced by adipocytes and exerts a negative action on adipose tissue expansion. In both mice and humans, ATX expression increases with obesity in association with insulin resistance. In the present study, fat depot-specific regulation(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a lipid mediator produced by adipocytes that acts via specific G-protein-coupled receptors; its synthesis is modulated in obesity. We previously reported that reducing adipocyte LPA production in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed obese mice is associated with improved glucose tolerance, suggesting a negative impact of(More)
Autotaxin (ATX) is a secreted lysophospholipase D involved in synthesis of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a phospholipid growth factor acting via specific receptors (LPA1R to LPA6R) and involved in several pathologies including obesity. ATX is secreted by adipocytes and contributes to circulating LPA. ATX expression is up-regulated in obese patients and mice(More)
The release of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) by adipocytes has previously been proposed to play a role in obesity and associated pathologies such as insulin resistance and diabetes. In the present work, the sensitivity to diet-induced obesity was studied in mice lacking one of the LPA receptor subtype (LPA1R). Conversely to what was observed in wild type (WT)(More)
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