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Recent data indicate that low-birthweight adults are at a higher risk than their high-birthweight peers of developing ischaemic heart disease or a cluster of conditions known as the IRS, which includes dyslipidaemias, hypertension, unfavourable body fat distribution and NIDDM. Thus far these observations have been limited to Caucasians from the United(More)
OBJECTIVES To review the magnitude, characteristics, and public health importance of type 2 diabetes in North American youth. RESULTS Among 15- to 19-year-old North American Indians, prevalence of type 2 diabetes per 1000 was 50.9 for Pima Indians, 4.5 for all US American Indians, and 2.3 for Canadian Cree and Ojibway Indians in Manitoba. From 1967-1976(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to test the association between stratified levels of familial risk of diabetes and the prevalence of the disease in the U.S. population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This study includes 16,388 adults interviewed for the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 1999 and 2004. Fasting glucose was available for a subsample(More)
Several studies indicate that the risk for type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular disease is detectable in childhood, although these disorders may not emerge until adulthood. In addition, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease seem to share risk factors, including obesity and dyslipidemia, and might even share etiology, which has important implications for(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the percent and number of overweight adults in the U.S. with prediabetes who would be potential candidates for diabetes prevention as per the American Diabetes Association Position Statement (12). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We analyzed data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III; 1988-1994) and(More)
BACKGROUND We present a potentially useful alternative approach based on support vector machine (SVM) techniques to classify persons with and without common diseases. We illustrate the method to detect persons with diabetes and pre-diabetes in a cross-sectional representative sample of the U.S. population. METHODS We used data from the 1999-2004 National(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the use of self-reported family medical history as a potential screening tool to identify people at-risk for diabetes. METHODS The HealthStyles 2004 mail survey comprises 4345 US adults who completed a questionnaire to ascertain personal and family history of diabetes, perceived risk of diabetes, and practice of risk-reducing(More)
A new index of abdominal adiposity, the conicity index, and the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were compared as health indicators in seven European populations and two USA populations. The total sample included 1280 men and 960 women. Abdominal adiposity as detected by these indices is significantly associated with more cardiovascular risk indicators among women(More)
A family history of diabetes is a major risk factor for the disease. As such, it is often included in a variety of tools designed to detect either people at risk of diabetes or people with undiagnosed diabetes. One of the reasons to screen for diabetes is that it has a prolonged asymptomatic phase, which includes impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose(More)