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Our objectives were to identify stages of the estrous cycle at which initiation of a timed artificial insemination (Ovsynch/TAI) protocol may reduce pregnancy rates and to monitor ovarian follicle dynamics and corpus luteum development after initiation of the Ovsynch/TAI protocol at different stages of the cycle. Cycling Holstein heifers (n = 24) were(More)
Studies of ovarian follicular dynamics in cattle may lead to methods for improving fertility, for synchronizing estrus with more precision, and for enhancing superovulatory responses. Within an estrous cycle, two or three large (> 10 mm) follicles develop during consecutive waves of follicular growth. The last wave provides the ovulatory follicle, whereas(More)
The effect of progestin and luteinizing hormone (LH) pulse frequency on dynamics of dominant follicle growth during the first follicular wave after oestrus was examined in non-lactating Holstein cows by ultrasonography. On day 8 of the cycle, cows (n = 8) received a luteolytic dose of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha; 25 mg) and an ear implant of(More)
A series of experiments with Holstein heifers was conducted to develop the capability of inducing accessory corpus luteum (CL) with a GnRH agonist (Buserelin, 8 micrograms; GnRHa) or hCG (3,000 IU) to increase plasma progesterone concentrations (Exp. 1, 2, and 3) and to test whether induction of accessory CL with hCG will increase conception rates in(More)
Menhaden fish meal, fed at 0.7 kg/d [2.7% of dietary dry matter (DM)], replaced blood meal and meat and bone meal (2.0% of dietary DM) in the diet fed at dairy A (n = 341) and replaced blood, meat and bone, and corn gluten meals (3.2% of dietary DM) in the diet fed at dairy B (n = 300). Cows consumed the experimental total mixed diets from approximately 24(More)
To examine endocrine and biochemical differences between dominant and subordinate follicles and how the dominant follicle affects the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis in Holstein cows, the ovary bearing the dominant follicle was unilaterally removed on Day 5 (n = 8), 8 (n = 8), or 12 (n = 8) of synchronized estrous cycles. Follicular development was(More)
The objectives of this study were to assess the agreement between endometrial cytology and uterine biopsy for the diagnosis of subclinical endometritis (SEND) in grazing dairy cows, the interobserver agreement of the biopsy's readings, and the bacterial population isolated from the uterus of cows having SEND. In experiment 1, lactating Holstein cows (n=44)(More)
Estradiol (E2)-active (Day 5 [D5]), transitional E2-active (D8), atretic (D12 - 1), and E2-sustained dominant follicles (DF, D12 + 1) and associated subordinate follicles (SF) were obtained through use of an experimental model described here. The ovary bearing the DF was surgically removed by colpotomy, and individual follicles were utilized to study(More)
This experiment was designed to characterize hCG (3,000 IU)-induced alterations in ovarian follicular and corpus luteum (CL) dynamics during the estrous cycle (EC) in heifers. Following synchronization of estrus (norgestomet implant for 7 d with injection of PGF2alpha 1 d before implant removal), 13 heifers were treated with either hCG (n = 6) or saline(More)
Experiments were designed to elucidate the control of ovarian follicle turnover and the impact of follicular dynamics on the subsequent fertility of dairy cattle. An experimental model was established to examine the interrelationships of gene expression for steroid enzymes, the insulin-like growth factor system and inhibin production as associated with(More)