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Prescribing etiologic treatment for chronic Chagas' disease is highly controversial because of the difficulties involved in assessing its therapeutic efficacy--the low degree of parasitemia, the persistence of positive immunologic reactions, the lack of clinical findings to support each type of treatment, and the necessarily prolonged follow-up of the(More)
BACKGROUND Benznidazole is effective for treating acute-stage Chagas disease, but its effectiveness for treating indeterminate and chronic stages remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE To compare long-term outcomes of patients with nonacute Chagas disease treated with benznidazole versus outcomes of those who did not receive treatment. DESIGN Clinical trial with(More)
This study sought to quantify CD8(+) T cell responses to Trypanosoma cruzi and to identify potential links between these responses and the severity of disease in humans. In the majority of patients with Chagas disease, staining with class I major histocompatibility complex tetramers and analysis of interferon (IFN)- gamma ELISPOT responses to a panel of(More)
Previously we found that the frequency of IFN-gamma-producing CD8(+) T cells specific for Trypanosoma cruzi inversely correlates with disease severity in chronic human Chagas disease along with low levels of IL-2-secreting CD8(+) T cells in all clinical stages. This impairment of the parasite-specific T cell responses was associated with phenotypic features(More)
Treatment for Chagas disease with currently available medications is recommended universally only for acute cases (all ages) and for children up to 14 years old. The World Health Organization, however, also recommends specific antiparasite treatment for all chronic-phase Trypanosoma cruzi-infected individuals, even though in current medical practice this(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES The extent to which a patient's socioeconomic conditions determine the persistence or control of chronic Chagas disease has not been previously investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of socioeconomic conditions on clinical and serologic measures of disease progression. METHODS Data on the following(More)
Chagas disease is caused by a parasite, Trypanosoma cruzi, transmitted primarily by a triatomine insect and affects approximately 8 million people in Latin American countries. The principal aim of the management of the disease is to avoid the development of cardiomyopathy and transmission by blood transfusion, congenital and organ transplants. Currently,(More)
The extent of inflammation, fibrosis, and progression of chronic Chagas heart disease (cChHD) was associated with persistence of parasite DNA in cardiac lesions of necropsies or explants from Argentinean cChHD patients. A Trypanosoma cruzi-based polymerase chain reaction showed a positive result in 1) 15% of cardiac sections with less than 10 mononuclear(More)
No randomized clinical trials regarding the etiological treatment of chronic Chagas disease can be found in the medical literature. However, other 'evidence' sustaining the use of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi drugs for adult individuals with Chagas disease will be analyzed along with the limitations in evaluating the treatment efficacy. Today, the hypothesis of(More)