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—We analyze the methodology and present the interpretation of results obtained in the measurement of the temporal Ricean K-factor and the time-autocovariance function of the received power for fixed narrowband wireless links in urban residential environments. Our main observation is that the time-autocovariance function (and thus both the temporal K-factor(More)
— The temporal behavior of fixed wireless (FW) links is usually described in terms of fade depth distribution, level crossing rates and average fade duration. This knowledge is needed for the optimization of transceiver parameters such as modulation format, frame length, automatic gain control dynamics, etc. We present analytic and empirical results on the(More)
— In this letter we derive closed-form expressions for the probability density functions (PDFs) of the bits' reliability metrics (L-values) in bit-interleaved coded modulation (BICM) transmission over fully-interleaved fading channels. The expressions are valid for the relevant case of quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) with Gray mapping when the metrics(More)
—In the popular bit-interleaved coded modulation (BICM) the output of the channel encoder and the input of the modulator are separated by a bit-level interleaver. From the decoder's point of view, the modulator, the transmission channel, and the demodulator (calculating bits' reliability metrics) become a memoryless BICM channel with binary inputs and real(More)
— In this paper we develop formulas for the probability density function (PDF) of the reliability metrics in bit-interleaved coded modulation (BICM) for arbitrary M 2-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (M 2-QAM) with Gray mapping. The advantage of this approach over an entirely general one proposed previously, is that the resulting formulas are obtained(More)
—The prediction of wall losses is a fundamental aspect in the planning of cellular systems. The broad variety of building materials and construction codes makes accurate attenuation prediction very difficult without the support of specific construction data or measurements. In this paper, the attenuation and equivalent electric parameters and of brick and(More)