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We have constructed a physical map of the human genome by using a panel of 90 whole-genome radiation hybrids (the TNG panel) in conjunction with 40,322 sequence-tagged sites (STSs) derived from random genomic sequences as well as expressed sequences. Of 36,678 STSs on the TNG radiation hybrid map, only 3604 (9.8%) were absent from the unassembled draft(More)
Organophosphorus nerve agents are among the most toxic organic compounds known and continue to be a threat for both military and terrorist use. We have developed an isotope-dilution gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (GC-MS-MS) method for quantitating the urinary metabolites of the organophosphorus nerve agents sarin (GB), soman (GD), VX, Russian(More)
Feeding experiments with isotope-labeled precursors rule out hydroxypyruvate and TCA cycle intermediates as the metabolic source of methoxymalonyl-ACP, the substrate for incorporation of "glycolate" units into ansamitocin P-3, soraphen A, and other antibiotics. They point to 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate as the source of the methoxymalonyl moiety and show that(More)
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are proteases that cleave specific cellular proteins essential for neurotransmitter release. Seven BoNT serotypes (A-G) exist; 4 usually cause human botulism (A, B, E, and F). We developed a rapid, mass spectrometry-based method (Endopep-MS) to detect and differentiate active BoNTs A, B, E, and F. This method uses the highly(More)
Sulfur mustard (HD), or bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide, has several urinary metabolites that can be measured to assess human exposure. These metabolites include the simple hydrolysis product thiodiglycol (TDG) and its oxidative analogue, TDG-sulfoxide, as well as metabolites of the glutathione/b-lyase pathway 1,1'-sulfonylbis[2-(methyl-sulfinyl)ethane] (SBMSE)(More)
Sulfur mustard agent (HD) (2,2'-dichloroethyl sulfide), a Schedule I compound on the Chemical Weapons Convention Schedule of Chemicals, remains a public health concern because it is simple to synthesize and it is in the chemical weapon stockpiles of several countries. A sensitive, rapid, accurate, and precise method was developed to quantitate trace levels(More)
Infrared spectroscopy, isotopic labeling ([(15)N(delta,epsilon)]histidine and ring-deuterated tyrosine), synthetic model studies, and normal mode calculations are employed to search for the spectroscopic signatures of the unique, covalently linked (His N(epsilon)-C(epsilon) Tyr) biring structure in the heme-copper oxidases. The specific enzyme examined is(More)
The yellow-breasted capuchin monkey, Cebus xanthosternos, is one of the most endangered species of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. In situ conservation for this species is problematic due to habitat destruction; therefore, captive conservation has been considered as an alternative strategy. A Studbook for C. xanthosternos has been kept for more than 20(More)
A photoaffinity analog of colchicine, 6-(4'-azido-2'-nitrophenylamino)hexanoyldeacetylcolchicine, was synthesized by reacting deacetylcolchicine or [3H]deacetylcochicine with N-succinimidyl-6-(4'-azido-2'-nitrophenylamino)hexanoate. Homogeneity of the photoaffinity analog was established by thin-layer chromatography and high-pressure liquid chromatography.(More)
Equilibration of the phosphorus in radioactive phosphoric acid with the phosphorus in phosphorus oxychloride occurs if these compounds are refluxed together for approximately 24 h. This observation led us to develop a method for the preparation of radioactive phosphorus oxychloride on a small scale with high specific radioactivity. The labeled phosphorus(More)