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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the relative distribution of omentin and visfatin mRNA in human epicardial, peri-internal mammary, upper thoracic, upper abdominal and leg vein subcutaneous adipose tissue as well as the distribution of omentin in the nonfat cells and adipocytes of human omental adipose tissue. BACKGROUND Omentin is(More)
CONTEXT Uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1) is the inner mitochondrial membrane protein that is a specific marker for and mediator of nonshivering thermogenesis in brown adipocytes. OBJECTIVE This study was performed to better understand the putative thermogenic function of human epicardial fat. DESIGN We measured the expression of UCP-1 and brown adipocyte(More)
BACKGROUND Pro- and antiinflammatory genes are expressed in epicardial adipose tissue (EAT). Our objectives were to characterize genes in EAT that may contribute specifically to coronary atherogenesis and to measure circulating adipokines matched to their messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in EAT. We hypothesized that severe coronary atherosclerosis (CAD) would(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine changes in gene expression in epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) associated with coronary atherosclerosis (CAD) and effects of pioglitazone therapy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Genes were quantified by RT-PCR in EAT and thoracic subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) obtained during surgery in CAD patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) or(More)