Learn More
cDNA clones of human complement components C4A and C4B alleles were prepared from mRNA obtained from the liver of a donor heterozygous at both loci. cDNA from one C4A allele was sequenced to give the derived complete amino acid sequence of 1722 amino acid residues of the C4 single chain precursor molecule and the estimated sequences of the three peptide(More)
The genes for four components (C) of complement in the human major histocompatibility complex (HLA) have been aligned previously in a series of overlapping cosmid cloned inserts. Those inserts, which contained the two C4 genes C4A and C4B, hybridized with human adrenal mRNA, indicating that they contain a gene expressed in the adrenal. The mRNA fraction of(More)
The human complement components C4A and C4B are highly homologous proteins, but they show markedly different, class-specific, chemical reactivities. They also differ serologically in that C4A generally expresses the Rodgers (Rg) blood group antigens while C4B generally expresses the Chido (Ch) blood group antigens. C4A 1 and C4B 5 are exceptional variants(More)
Four human complement genes, which have previously been mapped between HLA-D and HLA-B on chromosome 6, have now been aligned on a 98-kilobase (kb) section of the chromosome on the basis of four overlapping cosmid clones of genomic DNA. The C2 and factor B genes, less than 2 kb apart, are about 30 kb from two C4 genes separated from each other by about 10(More)
The activation of subcomponents C1r and C1s in the first component of complement, C1, when bound to antibody-antigen complexes was investigated. Activation was followed both by the splitting of the peptide chains of subcomponents C1r and C1s and by the development of proteolytic activity. For the maximum rate of activation to occur, all components must be(More)
Molecular maps have been prepared of the HLA region on human chromosome 6 that includes the complement C4 and steroid 21-hydroxylase genes (21-OH), using DNA of individuals deficient (QO) in either of the two forms C4A or C4B. In all, 18 haplotypes with C4A QO were examined by Southern analysis and two had deletions of 28-30 kb that included both the C4A(More)
A remarkable difference has been observed between the reactivity of the two forms of human complement component C4. C4B binds twice as effectively as C4A to antibody-coated red cells, but the reverse occurs with protein-antigen complexes. C4B reacts much more effectively with hydroxyl groups than C4A and this is reversed for reaction with amino groups in(More)
This 200 000 Mr serum protein is coded for by at least two separate loci, C4A and C4B, which map in the HLA Class III region on chromosome 6 in man. Both loci are highly polymorphic with more than 30 alleles, including null alleles assigned to the two loci. The complete nucleotide sequence of a full length C4A cDNA clone and a substantial part of a C4b cDNA(More)
Two cDNA clones for complement component C2 have been isolated from a high-complexity human liver cDNA library by using a mixture of 64 synthetic oligonucleotides as a probe. The 400-base-pair insert of pC201 codes for a region containing the active site serine residue and the secondary substrate binding pocket of the serine protease. This part of C2 is 34%(More)