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The paramyxean protozoan, Marteilia sydneyi, is the etiological agent of QX disease in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata). QX disease affects the farming of oysters in Queensland and on five rivers in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Disease outbreaks occur during summer months (January to April) and are associated with high mortality rates (up to(More)
QX is a fatal disease in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) that results from infection by the protistan parasite, Marteilia sydneyi. Since 1997, the New South Wales Fisheries Service has bred S. glomerata for resistance to QX disease. The current study shows that the QX resistance breeding program has selected oysters with enhanced phenoloxidase(More)
C3a, C4a, and C5a anaphylatoxins generated during complement activation play a key role in inflammation. C5a is the most potent of the three anaphylatoxins in eliciting biological responses. The effects of C5a are mediated by its binding to C5a receptor (C5aR, CD88). To date, C5aR has only been identified and cloned in mammalian species, and its(More)
Activation of the complement system leads to cleavage of the C3 molecule into C3b and C3a fragments. The C3a fragment plays a major role in immunity by inducing chemotaxis of eosinophils and mast cells and stimulating the respiratory burst in leukocytes. Although this anaphylotoxin has been well studied in mammals, there is currently a lack of information(More)