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Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), particularly those that affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis of vertebrates, have become a focus of regulatory screening and testing throughout the world. Small fish species, principally the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas), Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes), and zebrafish (Danio rerio), are used as(More)
Correlational evidence suggests that specific populations of animals have been, or currently are being, adversely affected by exposure to environmental contaminants that manifest effects through different endocrine systems. However, there currently are insufficient data to resolve the ecological risk associated with endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs). In(More)
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are emerging contaminants that have been found ubiquitously in wastewater and surface waters around the world. A major source of these compounds is incomplete metabolism in humans and subsequent excretion in human waste, resulting in discharge into surface waters by wastewater treatment plant (WWTP)(More)
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