Learn More
In the present study, we examined the direct cytotoxic effects of cocaine on fetal cardiac myocytes. Cocaine treatment of cultured fetal rat (21 days) myocardial cells (FRMCs) induced a time- and concentration-dependent increase in apoptotic cells in FRMCs. Cocaine induced surface exposure of phosphatidylserine in FRMCs at 12-h treatment and increased(More)
BACKGROUND Women who acquire toxoplasmosis infection during pregnancy (in most cases detected through serological screening) require counselling about the risk of congenital infection and its clinical sequelae. Reliable estimates of risk are not currently available. We undertook an analysis of data from women referred to the toxoplasmosis reference(More)
To assess factors influencing the success of whole-genome sequencing for mainstream clinical diagnosis, we sequenced 217 individuals from 156 independent cases or families across a broad spectrum of disorders in whom previous screening had identified no pathogenic variants. We quantified the number of candidate variants identified using different strategies(More)
To determine the effect of chronic hypoxia on myocardial capillarity, we exposed pregnant ewes to an altitude of 3,820 m from day 30 to day 139 of gestation and compared the fetus to low-altitude (approximately 300 m) controls. We hypothesized that capillarity would increase in the hypoxic myocardium to optimize oxygen and metabolite flux to hypoxic(More)
A girl aged 6 presented with haematuria and her sister (aged 5) presented with haematuria and proteinuria. Family history showed multiple individuals suffering from end stage renal failure from the paternal side of the pedigree. Following kidney biopsy in the father and paternal grandmother, the pathological diagnosis was of focal segmental(More)
BACKGROUND Relapses of childhood steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) are treated with a 4- to 8-week course of high-dose oral prednisolone, which may be associated with significant adverse effects. There is a clear association between upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and relapse development. Previous studies in developing nations have(More)
We studied the relationships among closing pressure (Pc) and indices of systemic arterial resistance (Ra) and compliance (Ca) during hypoxic hypoxia (HH) and carbon monoxide hypoxia (COH) in anesthetized dogs with cardiac bypass and constant ventilation. Closing pressure was measured as the lowest level to which arterial pressure (Pa) fell after inflow to(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of l-lactate in body fluids is an established clinical tool to identify disorders of cellular respiration. However, there is very little known about the clinical value of urinary lactate measurements. We investigated urinary lactate excretion in children with renal Fanconi syndrome. METHODS Freshly voided urine samples were obtained(More)
A 2-year-old patient with a neuroblastoma developed haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) following treatment with cisplatin and carboplatin. Following treatment with eculizumab, there was a substantial improvement in renal function with the recovery of the platelet count and the cessation of haemolysis. Subsequent investigations showed a novel, heterozygous(More)