Rodney D. Braun

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Hypoxia occurs in two forms in tumors. Chronic or diffusion-limited hypoxia is relatively well characterized. In contrast, intermittent or perfusion-limited hypoxia is not well characterized, and it is not known how common it is in tumors. The purpose of this study was to determine whether spontaneous fluctuations in tumor microvessel flow rate can modify(More)
The tumor drug concentrations, drug distributions, and therapeutic efficacies achieved by three fundamentally different liposomes, nonthermosensitive liposome (NTSL), traditional thermosensitive liposome (TTSL), and low temperature sensitive liposome (LTSL); free doxorubicin (DOX); and saline in combination with hyperthermia (HT) were directly compared in a(More)
The parasitic nematode Ascaris lumbricoides infects one billion people worldwide. Its perienteric fluid contains an octameric haemoglobin that binds oxygen nearly 25,000 times more tightly than does human haemoglobin. Despite numerous investigations, the biological function of this molecule has remained elusive. The distal haem pocket contains a metal,(More)
The colored complex formed between Cu+ and bicinchoninic acid is the basis of the bicinchoninic acid protein assay (P. K. Smith, R. I. Krohn, G. T. Hermanson, A. K. Mallia, F. H. Gartner, M. D. Provenzano, E. K. Fujimoto, N. M. Goeke, B.J. Olson, and D.C. Klenk (1985) Anal. Biochem. 150, 76-85). Studies show that cysteine, tryptophan, tyrosine, and the(More)
The efficacy of novel cancer therapeutics has been hampered by the ability to deliver these agents to the tumor at effective concentrations. Liposomes have been used as a method to overcome some delivery issues and, in combination with hyperthermia, have been shown to increase drug delivery to tumors. Particle size has been shown to affect the delivery of(More)
In this study we compare oxygen tension (PO2) histograms measured with O2 microelectrodes and a new optical PO2 measurement device, the OxyLite, in normal tissues (mouse spleen and thymus) and in tumors (R3230Ac in rats) (n = 5-6). The transient response to glucose infusion or 100% O2 breathing (hyperoxia) was also measured in tumors. PO2 histograms of(More)
Two forms of hypoxia are thought to exist in tumours: (1) hypoxia caused by limitations of its diffusion (chronic hypoxia); and (2) hypoxia caused by changes in perfusion (acute hypoxia). Indirect information suggests the existence of perfusion-limited hypoxia, but there is no direct proof that fluctuations in blood flow can lead to hypoxia, nor is there(More)
The efficacy of novel cancer therapeutics can be hampered by inefficient delivery of agents to the tumor at effective concentrations. Liposomes have been used as a method to overcome some delivery issues and, in combination with hyperthermia, have been shown to increase drug delivery to tumors. This study investigates the effects of a range of temperatures(More)
SummaryWe previously reported that the arteriolar input in window chamber tumours is limited in number and is constrained to enter the tumour from one surface, and that the pO2 of tumour arterioles is lower than in comparable arterioles of normal tissues. On average, the vascular pO2 in vessels of the upper surface of these tumours is lower than the pO2 of(More)
Tumor hypoxia is a major barrier to tumor radiation therapy. Typically tumor hypoxia occurs in two forms: chronic and acute. Although the existence of acute hypoxia has long been acknowledged, its temporal characteristics have never been directly measured and documented. In this study tumor PO(2), blood flow (BF), and arterial blood pressure (BP) were(More)