Rodney B Boychuk

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Multiple carboxylase deficiency is characterized by deficient activities of three biotin-dependent enzymes, propionyl coenzyme A carboxylase, pyruvate carboxylase, and beta-methylcrotonyl coenzyme A carboxylase. A newborn infant was seen with metabolic ketoacidosis, hyperammonemia, organic aciduria, seizures, and coma. Multiple carboxylase deficiency was(More)
This study surveyed the stool appearance descriptions of 107 inpatient children with intussusception. Fifty-six patients presented with grossly bloody stools (passed spontaneously), 10 of which were determined on chart review to resemble currant jelly. Of the 51 patients without grossly bloody spontaneously passed stools, 35 patients had rectal examination(More)
A eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA) in cream form has been used as a topical anesthetic to reduce the pain of procedures penetrating the skin. It is generally applied for 45 to 60 minutes before the painful procedure. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a 20-minute application of EMLA is useful in reducing the pain of routine(More)
The differences in the immediate (30 sec or 1 min) and late (5 min) ventilatory response to high and low O2 have not been quantitated in preterm infants and adult subjects using the same methods. It was thought that these differences might explain the paradoxical ventilatory response to CO2 at various O2 concentrations in preterm infants (12). Thus, 9(More)
OBJECTIVES The Hawaii Child Asthma Research to Elevate Standards (CARES) Program implemented an emergency department (ED)-based education and management program to facilitate National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) guideline understanding among asthmatic children and their families, ED staff, and health care providers. METHODS The(More)
This is the first reported association of congenital chylothorax and mediastinal neuroblastoma in a newborn infant. The infant exhibited features of both congenital and acquired chylothorax. Resolution of the chylothorax occurred following ligation of thoracic duct after failure of conservative management with multiple thoracentesis and chest tube drainage.
1. We have measured the relationship between tidal volume (V(T)) and the duration of inspiration (T(i)) and expiration (T(e)) for individual breaths (30 in each steady state).2. Ten pre-term and ten term infants were studied during steady state while breathing 21% O(2), then 21% O(2) plus 2 and 4% CO(2).3. In all infants, the average T(i) at the various(More)
BACKGROUND The oxygen saturation (OSAT) of wheezing children presenting to an emergency department has been shown to be a predictor for hospitalization. The purpose of this study is to determine if hospitalization predictive power can be increased by further stratifying this by the step severity categories (based on chronic symptoms). METHODS Data were(More)
Sleep monitoring at 3 months post term of clinically normal term infants, pre-term infants with no demonstrable pathologic clinical signs, and pre-term and term infants with a history of metabolic disorders show that these infants have EEG sleep stages resembling those seen in adults, as well as the adult pattern of sleep stage organization. The presence of(More)
The objective was to investigate the use characteristics of home nebulizers and to measure the benefit gained from dispensing home nebulizers (compared with their cost) to patients from the hospital. During the study period, August 28,1996 to May 17,1997, a sample of 232 of the 291 entries from a log of home nebulizers dispensed by the hospital respiratory(More)