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The effect of the transmembrane potential (delta psi) and the proton concentration gradient (delta pH) across the chromaffin granule membrane upon the rate and extent of catecholamine accumulation was studied in isolated bovine chromaffin granules. Freshly isolated chromaffin granules had an intragranular pH of 5.5 as measured by [14C]methylamine(More)
The passive permeability of isolated chromaffin vesicles to H+ and the internal pH of the vesicles under various conditions were measured. Potentiometric measurements of K+ and H+ fluxes in the presence of selected ionophores and uncouplers indicated that the membrane is highly impermeable to both protons and potassium. deltapH across the chromaffin granule(More)
The effect of the transmembrane proton gradient (delta pH) and potential gradient (delta psi) upon the rate and extent of amine accumulation was investigated in chromaffin ghosts. The chromaffin ghosts were formed by hypo-osmotic lysis of isolated bovine chromaffin granules and extensive dialysis in order to remove intragranular binding components and(More)
The relationship between the electrochemical proton gradient (delta mu-H+) and the electrochemical gradient for biogenic amines (delta mu-A) was investigated in isolated chromaffin ghosts free of endogenous components and gradients. The addition of ATP to a ghost suspension resulted in the generation of a large proton concentration gradient (delta pH),(More)
Physiological control of the plasma membrane sodium pump, (Na+,K+)-ATPase, is essential for proper function of eukaryotic cells. In the electric organ of the elasmobranch Narcine brasiliensis, the normal demands placed upon the pump during the process of generation of electrical currents call for large and rapid changes in activity of this enzyme, making(More)
The internal pH of lung lamellar bodies was investigated with membrane permeable basic amines. Isolated granular pneumocytes and isolated lung lamellar bodies exhibited fluorescence when exposed to 8 microM quinacrine, suggesting accumulation of this dye due to an acidic internal pH. Uptake of [14C]methylamine by isolated lung lamellar bodies was measured(More)
The in vivo activation and turnover rates of the sodium pump (Na+, K(+)-ATPase) were investigated in the electrocytes of the electric organ of the elasmobranch Narcine brasiliensis. The Narcine electric organ appears to be an excellent model for the study of sodium pump activation in an excitable tissue. The sodium transmembrane gradient and high-energy(More)
The electrical potential (delta psi) and proton gradient (alpha pH) across the membranes of isolated bovine chromaffin granules and ghosts were simultaneously and quantitatively measured by using the membrane-permeable dyes 3,3'dipropyl-2,2'thiadicarbocyanine (diS-C3-(5)) to measure delta psi and 9-aminoacridine or atebrin to measure delta pH. Increases or(More)
  • R G Johnson
  • 1987
Neuroendocrine secretory vesicles contain within their membranes a highly specialized H1-translocating ATPase responsible for the generation and maintenance of an electrochemical proton gradient, delta pH inside acidic, and delta psi inside positive. Coupled with a high internal buffering capacity and extremely low permeability of the membrane to protons,(More)