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PCR has many applications in the isolation and analysis of plant DNA. The influence of salt and EDTA concentration, pH, incubation time and temperature on the preparation of plant material for PCR was evaluated. A general single-step method was developed in which a small amount of plant tissue was heated in a simple solution. The DNA in the supernatant was(More)
One of the primary objectives in the design of protein inhibitors is to shape the three-dimensional structures of small molecules to be complementary to the binding site of a target protein. In the course of our efforts to discover potent inhibitors of Bcl-2 family proteins, we found a unique folded conformation adopted by tethered aromatic groups in the(More)
We have extended the established physical stability treatment for hydrates/solvates to co-crystals with solid co-crystal formers. Based on the proposed treatment, a suspension/slurry screening technique is developed and tested in sixteen pharmaceutical co-crystal systems with success. The theoretical treatment and the practical screening technique should(More)
(3R)-1-[4,4-bis(3-methyl-2-thienyl)-3-butenyl]-3-piperidinecarboxylic acid 1 (tiagabine, Gabitril) is a potent and selective gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) uptake inhibitor with proven anticonvulsant efficacy in humans. This drug, which has a unique mechanism of action among marketed anticonvulsant agents, has been launched for add-on treatment of partial(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5B polymerase is essential for viral replication and has been a prime target for drug discovery research. Our efforts directed toward the discovery of HCV polymerase inhibitors resulted in the identification of unsymmetrical dialkyl-hydroxynaphthalenoyl-benzothiadiazines 2 and 3. The most active compound displayed activity in(More)
4,5-Diaryl-1H-pyrazole-3-ol was utilized as a versatile template to synthesize several classes of compounds such as pyrazolo-oxazines 7, pyrazolo-benzooxazines 9, pyrazolo-oxazoles 10, and its analogues 11a-c as potential COX-2 inhibitors. Compounds 11b,c were successfully synthesized with use of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate mediated cyclization of the(More)
A series of 3-descladinosyl-2,3-anhydro-6-O-methylerythromycin A 11, 12-carbamate analogues have been synthesized and evaluated for antibacterial activity. These compounds were found to be potent antibacterial agents against Gram-positive organisms in vitro, many having MIC values below 1 microg/mL for the macrolide-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus,(More)
[structure: see text]. We report a new methodology for the construction of novel and uniquely shaped 3-azabicyclo[4.2.0]octan-4-one derivatives by combining the Ugi multicomponent reaction with [2+2] enone-olefin photochemical transformations. The overall sequence is capable of creating up to five stereocenters; however, in most cases, only two(More)
GT-2331 is a potent histamine H(3) antagonist which has entered clinical trials. Efficient multigram syntheses of this compound and its enantiomer are described. The literature reports that GT-2331 is the dextrorotatory (+), more potent, enantiomer of 4-[2-(5,5-dimethylhex-1-ynyl)cyclopropyl]-1H-imidazole with the absolute configuration of (1R,2R)-1.(More)