Roderick J Lawrence

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At the Second European Conference on Environment and Health held in Helsinki in June 1994, urban health was attributed a high priority. This decision by the Ministers of Environment and Health from European countries reflects and reinforces a growing worldwide concern in the 1990s about the health status of residents of urban areas in all continents. The(More)
Urbanization, a characteristic of the twentieth century, is a profound transformation of human settlement processes and their outcomes, which has not been well understood in terms of both positive and negative impacts. This paper argues that the interrelations between urban planning, health, social, and environmental policies have been poorly articulated(More)
There is a need for innovative research on housing and health. In contrast to traditional disciplinary studies, which are sector-based, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary contributions offer a broader approach. Interdisciplinary approaches highlight the difference between a biomedical model that often adopts a symptom-treatment interpretation of(More)
Lessons have to be learnt from the mistakes and oversights for which planners have been responsible as urban populations have escalated during the latter half of the 20th century. For people living in densely populated cities the best possible health can only be achieved if due consideration is given to the creation of a broadly favourable environment. The(More)
Since the beginning of the WHO European Healthy Cities Network in 1987, the global and regional contexts for the promotion of health and well-being have changed in many ways. First, in 2000, the United Nations Millennium Goals explicitly and implicitly addressed health promotion and prevention at the global and regional levels. Second, the concern for(More)
What are environmental health indicators? How are they defined and used by professionals involved in monitoring trends in cities and towns? How have indicators been applied at municipal and national levels by policy decision makes and practitioners to measure and monitor living conditions, health status and the effectiveness of interventions in urban areas?(More)