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BACKGROUND In this prospective, randomized, observer-blinded trial, we compared ultrasound-guided subparaneural popliteal sciatic nerve blocks performed either at or proximal to the neural bifurcation (B). We hypothesized that the total anesthesia-related time (sum of performance and onset times) would be decreased with the prebifurcation (PB) technique. (More)
BACKGROUND Cervical medial branch blocks are commonly performed for the diagnosis and treatment of head, neck, and shoulder pain. Intermittent fluoroscopy is widely used for needle positioning and visualization of contrast distribution before medication injection. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of ultrasound as an alternative imaging(More)
BACKGROUND Third occipital nerve block (TONB) is commonly used in the diagnosis and treatment of upper neck pain and cervicogenic headaches. Although fluoroscopy is the current imaging standard for TONB, ultrasound (US) guidance offers a promising, radiation-free alternative. In this randomized, observer-blinded trial, we compared the 2 imaging modalities.(More)
BACKGROUND Ultrasound (US) guidance offers an alternative to fluoroscopy for medial branch blocks of the upper cervical spine, but it may be less accurate for blocks at the C5 and C6 levels. We hypothesized that a modified technique using biplanar US imaging would facilitate level identification and provide greater accuracy for the lower cervical spine. (More)
BACKGROUND Because of its location in the lower neck and anatomical variability, the C7 medial branch represents a challenging target for local anesthetic blocks. Although ultrasound (US) guidance offers an alternative to fluoroscopy for C3 to C6 cervical medial branch blocks (CMBBs), its use at the C7 level has not been examined. We hypothesized that US,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This prospective, randomized, observer-blinded study compared single- and double-injection, ultrasound-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block for upper extremity surgery. METHODS Ninety-two patients were randomly allocated to receive a single-injection (n = 46) or double-injection (n = 46), ultrasound-guided supraclavicular(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the minimum effective volume (MEV) of combined lidocaine 1.0%-bupivacaine 0.25% with epinephrine 5 μg/mL in 90% of patients (MEV90) for ultrasound-guided subparaneural popliteal sciatic nerve block. METHODS All subjects received an ultrasound-guided subparaneural popliteal sciatic nerve(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this narrative review is to summarize the evidence derived from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding approaches and techniques for lower extremity nerve blocks. SOURCE Using the MEDLINE (January 1966 to April 2007) and EMBASE (January 1980 to April 2007) databases, medical subject heading (MeSH) terms "lumbosacral plexus",(More)
BACKGROUND This prospective, randomized, observer-blinded study compared ultrasound-guided supraclavicular (SCB), infraclavicular (ICB), and axillary (AXB) brachial plexus blocks for upper extremity surgery of the elbow, forearm, wrist, and hand. METHODS One hundred twenty patients were randomly allocated to receive an ultrasound-guided SCB (n = 40), ICB(More)
BACKGROUND This prospective, randomized, observer-blinded trial compared a subepineural sciatic injection at the neural bifurcation (SUB group) and separate postbifurcation injections around the tibial and peroneal nerves. METHODS Ultrasound-guided posterior popliteal sciatic nerve block was carried out in 50 patients. In the group that had separate(More)