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Oestrogens are involved in the growth, development and homeostasis of a number of tissues. The physiological effects of these steroids are mediated by a ligand-inducible nuclear transcription factor, the oestrogen receptor (ER). Hormone binding to the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of the ER initiates a series of molecular events culminating in the activation(More)
  • S C Hyde, P Emsley, M J Hartshorn, M M Mimmack, U Gileadi, S R Pearce +4 others
  • 1990
The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily of transport systems now includes over thirty proteins that share extensive sequence similarity and domain organization. This superfamily includes the well characterized periplasmic binding protein-dependent uptake systems of prokaryotes, bacterial exporters, and eukaryotic proteins including the P-glycoprotein(More)
A rule-based automated method is presented for modeling the structures of the seven transmembrane helices of G-protein-coupled receptors. The structures are generated by using a simulated annealing Monte Carlo procedure that positions and orients rigid helices to satisfy structural restraints. The restraints are derived from analysis of experimental(More)
Over the past 8 years, we have developed, refined and applied a fragment based discovery approach to a range of protein targets. Here we report computational analyses of various aspects of our fragment library and the results obtained for fragment screening. We reinforce the finding of others that the experimentally observed hit rate for screening fragments(More)
We have implemented five drug-like filters, based on 1D and 2D molecular descriptors, and applied them to characterize the drug-like properties of commercially available chemical compounds. In addition to previously published filters (Lipinski and Veber), we implemented a filter for medicinal chemistry tractability based on lists of chemical features drawn(More)
We have designed four generations of a low molecular weight fragment library for use in NMR-based screening against protein targets. The library initially contained 723 fragments which were selected manually from the Available Chemicals Directory. A series of in silico filters and property calculations were developed to automate the selection process,(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of psychological distress and common mental disorders has been shown to peak in midlife but analyses have ignored the association of poor material circumstances with prevalence. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that the midlife prevalence peak occurs only in lower-income households. METHOD Pooled data were used from the(More)
Improved methods are required to predict the position and orientation (pose) of binding to the target protein of low molecular weight compounds identified in fragment screening campaigns. This is particularly important to guide initial chemistry to generate structure-activity relationships for the cases where a high resolution structure cannot be obtained.(More)
Structure-based methods are having an increasing role and impact in drug discovery. The crystal structures of an increasing number of therapeutic targets are becoming available. These structures can transform our understanding of how these proteins perform their biological function and often provide insights into the molecular basis of disease. In addition,(More)
A large number of structural genomics programmes have been established worldwide with the common aim of large-scale, high-throughput protein structure determination. Due to the considerable challenges posed by the experimental methods of structural determination (primarily X-ray crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy) it is important to(More)