Rod R Warburton

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Serotonin (5-HT) stimulates smooth muscle cell growth through 5-HT receptors and the 5-HT transporter (5-HTT), and has been associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFR) have also been associated with PH. We present evidence for the first time that 5-HT transactivates PDGFRbeta through the 5-HTT in pulmonary(More)
To determine whether atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) plays a physiological role in modulating pulmonary hypertensive responses, we studied mice with gene-targeted disruption of the ANP gene under normoxic and chronically hypoxic conditions. Right ventricular peak pressure (RVPP), right ventricle weight- and left ventricle plus septum weight-to-body weight(More)
Hypoxia triggers responses in endothelial cells that play roles in many conditions including high-altitude pulmonary edema and tumor angiogenesis. Signaling pathways activated by hypoxia modify cytoskeletal and contractile proteins and alter the biomechanical properties of endothelial cells. Intermediate filaments are major components of the cytoskeleton(More)
The 12-lipoxygenase (12-LO) pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism stimulates cell growth and metastasis of various cancer cells and the 12-LO metabolite, 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid [12(S)-HETE], enhances proliferation of aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs). However, pulmonary vascular effects of 12-LO have not been previously studied. We sought(More)
Targeted disruption of the gene for natriuretic peptide receptor-A (NPR-A) worsens pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular hypertrophy during hypoxia, but its effect on left ventricular mass and systemic pressures is not known. We examined the effect of 3 wk of hypobaric hypoxia (0.5 atm) on right and left ventricular pressure and mass in mice with 2(More)
To test the hypothesis that brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) plays a role similar to that of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in modulating pulmonary vascular responses to hypoxia, we measured the vasodilator potency of ANP and BNP in rat pulmonary artery (PA) and thoracic aorta (TA) rings and in isolated rat lungs. We also measured the effect of chronic(More)
Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) activation stimulates systemic vascular and left ventricular remodeling. We hypothesized that MR contributes to pulmonary vascular and right ventricular (RV) remodeling of pulmonary hypertension (PH). We evaluated the efficacy of MR antagonism by spironolactone in two experimental PH models; mouse chronic hypoxia-induced PH(More)
Matrix metalloprotease-9 (MMP-9) is increased in lung injury following hyperoxia exposure in neonatal mice, in association with impaired alveolar development. We studied the role of MMP-9 in the mechanism of hyperoxia-induced functional and histological changes in neonatal mouse lung. Reduced alveolarization with remodeling of ECM is a major morbidity(More)
Elevated plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels have been shown to blunt pulmonary hemodynamic responses to chronic hypoxia, but whether elevated circulating ANP levels negatively feedback on cardiac expression of the ANP gene is unknown. Using a recently developed strain of transgenic mouse (TTR-ANF) that expresses a transthyretin promoter-ANP(More)
Previous studies in human patients and animal models have suggested that transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is upregulated in pulmonary hypertension (PH), a phenomenon that appears to be associated with the effects of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) in this disease. Using chemical tools to interrogate and inhibit TG2 activity in vivo, we have shown that(More)