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AIM To investigate the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the development of bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). METHODS Seventy eight paraffin wax embedded TCC samples were tested for the presence of HPV by two methods. First, immunohistochemistry was carried out using a polyclonal antibody capable of detecting the capsid protein of all known(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of a range of maternal and pre-natal characteristics as potential risk factors for testicular cancer. METHODS A population-based case-control study of testicular cancer. Mothers of participants completed a questionnaire about their reproductive and obstetric history. RESULTS The risk of testicular cancer was(More)
Prostate cancer is significantly more common in Western men than in Asian men, but the basis for this difference remains unknown. Because genomic studies of Asian prostate cancer are very limited, we used a genome-wide approach to reveal the genomic alterations in Chinese prostate cancers. We found a significant reduction in the frequency of certain somatic(More)
A retrospective analysis of the prognostic value of pretreatment histology and expression of human chorionic gonadotrophin (B-hCG) was carried out in 100 invasive (T2/T3) transitional cell carcinomas of the bladder treated in a uniform manner. After transurethral resection of the tumour, all patients received a course of radical radiotherapy, with salvage(More)
Many human cancers present as multifocal lesions. Understanding the clonal origin of multifocal cancers is of both etiological and clinical importance. The molecular basis of multifocal prostate cancer has previously been explored using a limited number of isolated markers and, although independent origin is widely believed, the clonal origin of multifocal(More)
Development of chemoresistance limits the clinical efficiency of platinum-based therapy. Although many resistance mechanisms have been demonstrated, genetic/molecular alterations responsible for drug resistance in the majority of clinical cases have not been identified. We analyzed three pairs of testicular germ cell tumor cell lines using Affymetrix(More)