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We present the complete genome sequence of uropathogenic Escherichia coli, strain CFT073. A three-way genome comparison of the CFT073, enterohemorrhagic E. coli EDL933, and laboratory strain MG1655 reveals that, amazingly, only 39.2% of their combined (nonredundant) set of proteins actually are common to all three strains. The pathogen genomes are as(More)
The bacterium Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a worldwide threat to public health and has been implicated in many outbreaks of haemorrhagic colitis, some of which included fatalities caused by haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Close to 75,000 cases of O157:H7 infection are now estimated to occur annually in the United States. The severity of disease, the lack of(More)
A great deal is known about the structure, function and metabolic effects of enzymatic bacterial toxins such as the diphtheria, pertussis and cholera toxins. By comparison, our understanding of the pore-forming, cytolytic toxins, particularly those produced by Gram-negative bacterial pathogens, is far less complete. The genetics and biochemistry of a large,(More)
The uropathogenic Escherichia coli strain CFT073 has multiple iron acquisition systems, including heme and siderophore transporters. A tonB mutant derivative of CFT073 failed to use heme as an iron source or to utilize the siderophores enterobactin and aerobactin, indicating that transport of these compounds in CFT073 is TonB dependent. The TonB(-)(More)
We previously showed that hpmA is the hemolysin determinant most commonly found among Proteus isolates. To assess the potential contribution of HpmA to virulence, we first characterized the toxic activities of this hemolysin. Hemolytic activity was present in total cell cultures and cell-free supernatants of Proteus clinical isolates as well as Escherichia(More)
  • R A Welch
  • 2001
It can be agreed that RTX toxins contribute to the pathogenesis of different diseases by causing dysfunction of the general cellular reactions of the immune response. The suggestion that RTX toxins induce cytokine production in nonimmune cells that would ultimately cause tissue damage is an expansion of their role in disease pathogenesis (Uhlen et al.(More)
Recombinant plasmids encoding hemolysins (hly) isolated from four different Escherichia coli strains were found to be very similar by restriction endonuclease fragment analysis within the hemolysin region. Each of the four recombinant plasmids were used to transform a nonhemolytic fecal strain of E. coli. The comparative virulence of the transformants was(More)
Proteus mirabilis, a common agent of nosocomially acquired and catheter-associated bacteriuria, can cause acute pyelonephritis. In ascending infections, bacteria colonize the bladder and ascend the ureters to the proximal tubules of the kidney. We postulate that Proteus species uses the HpmA hemolysin and urease to elicit tissue damage that allows entry of(More)
Staphylococcal enterotoxins are exotoxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus that possess emetic and superantigenic properties. Prior to this research there were six characterized enterotoxins, staphylococcal enterotoxin types A to E and H (referred to as SEA to SEE and SEH). Two new staphylococcal enterotoxin genes have been identified and designated seg(More)