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Regulation of the constitutively expressed type 2 bradykinin (B2) receptor, which mediates the principal actions of bradykinin, occurs at multiple levels. The goal of the current study was to determine whether the human B2 3'-untranslated region (UTR) has effects on gene expression, with particular focus on the variable number of tandem repeats (B2-VNTR)… (More)
We report the synthesis and evaluation of a series of heterobiaryl amides as positive allosteric modulators of mGluR4. Compounds 9b and 9c showed submicromolar potency at both human and rat mGluR4. In addition, both 9b and 9c were shown to be centrally penetrant in rats using nontoxic vehicles, a major advance for the mGluR4 field.
There is an increasing amount of literature data showing the positive effects on preclinical antiparkinsonian rodent models with selective positive allosteric modulators of metabotropic glutamate receptor 4 (mGlu(4)). However, most of the data generated utilize compounds that have not been optimized for druglike properties, and as a consequence, they… (More)
Herein we report the discovery and SAR of a novel antagonist of metabotropic glutamate receptor 4 (mGlu(4)). The antagonist was discovered via a molecular switch from a closely related mGlu(4) positive allosteric modulator (PAM). This antagonist (VU0448383) displays an IC(50) value of 8.2±0.4 μM and inhibits an EC(80) glutamate response by 63.1±6.6%.
Herein we report the discovery, synthesis, and evaluation of a series of N-(4-acetamido)-phenylpicolinamides as positive allosteric modulators of mGlu(4). Compounds from the series show submicromolar potency at both human and rat mGlu(4). In addition, pharmacokinetic studies utilizing subcutaneous dosing demonstrated good brain exposure in rats.
Metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors play important roles in regulating CNS function and are known to function as obligatory dimers. Although recent studies have suggested heterodimeric assembly of mGlu receptors in vitro, the demonstration that distinct mGlu receptor proteins can form heterodimers or hetero-complexes with other mGlu subunits in native… (More)
Rett syndrome (RS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that shares many symptomatic and pathological commonalities with idiopathic autism. Alterations in protein synthesis-dependent synaptic plasticity (PSDSP) are a hallmark of a number of syndromic forms of autism; in the present work, we explore the consequences of disruption and rescue of PSDSP in a mouse… (More)
The physical state of the human papillomavirus (HPV) genome is usually different in malignant lesions of the skin, in which it is generally found in episomal form, and genital mucosa, in which it is frequently integrated with disruption of the E2 gene. Using chimeric or natural HPV promoters in the presence of the bovine papillomavirus type 1 E2 gene… (More)
Cadmium ions inhibit membrane-bound succinate dehydrogenase with a second-order rate constant of 10.42 mM-1 s-1 at pH 7.35 and 25 degrees C. Succinate and malonate protect the enzyme against cadmium ion inhibition. The protection pattern exerted by succinate and malonate suggests that the group modified by cadmium is located at the active site. The pH curve… (More)
The purpose of this study was to use a direct method, that of electron spin resonance spectroscopy, to evaluate the ability of captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, to prevent the superoxide-mediated formation of phenyl radicals. Results indicate that, under certain conditions, captopril is a potent inhibitor of the generation of phenyl… (More)