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Faecal samples from 1007 patients suspected of having diarrhoea caused by Clostridium difficile infection are investigated for the presence of toxins A and B and for the presence of C. difficile-specific glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH). Toxigenic culture is performed on all samples and is used as the 'gold standard' for the purpose of the study. A marker for… (More)
Currently, the diagnosis of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) relies on the detection of toxins A and B in faeces but the sensitivity of these tests has been questioned, particularly in advanced disease. In this context, additional methods to enhance the diagnosis of C. difficile have been investigated. In this study, 1007 faecal samples are tested… (More)
INTRODUCTION There is paucity of local data on the prevalence of blood transmitted infections (BTIs), such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections, among illicit drug users. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of BTIs among substance dependent inpatients and identify the factors associated with BTIs. METHODS We… (More)
Musical hallucinations are a rare phenomenon that renders appropriate identification and treatment a challenge. This case series describes three women who presented with hearing complex, familiar melodies in the absence of external stimuli on a background of hearing impairment.
We present a case of delirium tremens lasting for five weeks in an alcohol-dependent individual. The patient required high-dose benzodiazepines, which is atypical and rare. The clinical presentation and management of this patient is discussed.
The severe sequelae of infection from the conventionally termed ‘benign’ forms of malaria are being increasingly recognised, and delayed diagnosis and treatment lead to worse outcomes. The clinical picture can be non-specific and malaria epidemiology is constantly changing, presenting challenges for the acute clinician. The most critical step in the… (More)