Rochelle Boyd

Learn More
The joint is an organ and functions as a mechanical bearing created of biological materials. In the joint, as in all connective tissues, there is a relationship between mechanical factors and tissue behavior. Therefore, it is not surprising that joint health and osteoarthrosis are reflections of both mechanical and biological factors. Osteoarthrosis is not(More)
We studied changes in subchondral bone and articular cartilage in an animal model of osteoarthrosis. In this model we applied repetitive impulsive loads to rabbits' knees. Their legs were held in short leg splints so the rabbits were unable to dampen the peak applied load with ankle flexion. After sacrifice, at 1 day to 6 weeks, we studied proximal tibial(More)
Beagle dogs 3-7 years old were ovariectomized (n = 9) or sham operated (n = 6) and followed for 48 weeks with measurements of body weight, tibial shaft bone mineral content (BMC), and serum biochemistry. Following killing, measurements were made of bone strength and histomorphometry. Ovariectomy (OX) significantly reduced serum estrone and estradiol(More)
The dose-dependent effects of porcine somatotropin (pST) on cellular aspects of skeletal muscle growth, muscle composition and measures of pork quality were investigated in growing barrows and gilts. Eighty crossbred pigs weighing 46 kg were assigned randomly to receive daily subcutaneous injections of 0, 30, 60, 120 or 200 micrograms pST/kg BW until they(More)
This study reviewed 56 hips in 37 children with cerebral palsy who had undergone an adductor tenotomy alone or in combination with an anterior obturator neurectomy. The mean review period was 5.3 years. At latest review, 25 of 30 (83%) hips with a preoperative migration percentage of less than 40% were reduced, but 20 of 26 (77%) hips with a preoperative(More)
Crossbred barrows were used for in vivo studies investigating hormonal regulation of lipogenesis. The first experiment examined an in vivo method for determining rates of lipogenesis. Three barrows were infused with [U-14C]glucose and incorporation of radioactivity into triglycerides was determined in up to five biopsies of subcutaneous adipose tissue(More)
Response of tissues to homeostatic signals may play a role in the mediation of nutrient partitioning effects of somatotropin. To investigate this, the effects of exogenous porcine somatotropin (pST) on the metabolic responses to a series of intravenous challenges with dextrose, insulin and epinephrine were examined in twelve crossbred barrows (65 kg). In(More)
The sequence of vascular and bony changes that precedes experimental osteoarthrosis was observed in rabbits. The subchondral bone underlying the weight-bearing portion of the medial tibial condyle and the talocalcaneal joint were examined after two, three, and six weeks of 50-ms and 500-ms repetitive loading at 1 Hz for 40 minutes each day. Vascular(More)
The present study was undertaken to determine the effects of porcine somatotropin (pST) on glucose flux rates, lipogenic enzyme activities, and the abundance of fatty acid synthase mRNA in pig adipose tissue. Barrows were injected daily with 120 micrograms of pST/kg BW (n = 6) or excipient (n = 6). On d 11 of treatment, pigs were slaughtered (empty BW = 77(More)