Roche C de Guzman

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The structure-property relationships of kerateine materials were studied by separating crude hair extracts into two protein sub-fractions, referred to as α- and γ-kerateines, followed by their de novo recombination into meta-kerateine hydrogels, sponges and films. The kerateine fractions were characterized using electrophoresis and mass spectrometry, which(More)
Schwann cell basal lamina is a nanometer-thin extracellular matrix layer that separates the axon-bound Schwann cells from the endoneurium of the peripheral nerve. It is implicated in the promotion of nerve regeneration after transection injury by allowing Schwann cell colonization and axonal guidance. Hence, it is desired to mimic the native basal lamina(More)
Controlled expression of glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor (Gdnf) can be integrated in the development of a system for repair of injured peripheral nerves. This delivery strategy was demonstrated via inducible Gdnf from microencapsulated cells in barium alginate. The Schwann cell line RT4-D6P2T was initially modified utilizing an ecdysone-based(More)
Keratin biomaterials support cellular adhesion, proliferation and migration, which have led to their exploitation in a variety of biomedical applications. The mechanism of cell adhesion to keratin biomaterials, however, is poorly understood. Therefore, the goal of this work was to investigate the mechanisms by which human hair keratin-based biomaterials(More)
Keratins are naturally derived proteins that can be fabricated into several biomaterial forms including hydrogels. These materials are a potential polymeric system for several tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications due to their ability to support cell attachment, proliferation, and migration. However, little is known regarding their(More)
The oxidized form of extractable human hair keratin proteins, commonly referred to as keratose, is gaining interest as a biomaterial for multiple tissue engineering studies including those directed toward peripheral nerve, spinal cord, skin, and bone regeneration. Unlike its disulfide cross-linked counterpart, kerateine, keratose does not possess a(More)
The possible involvement of orthopedic biomaterial particles such as cobalt-chrome alloy (Co-Cr), ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V), and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) in the formation of glial and meningeal scars was investigated using an in vitro system. Cell lines were used as models for astrocytes and meningeal(More)
Hair-derived keratin biomaterials composed mostly of reduced keratin proteins (kerateines) have demonstrated their utility as carriers of biologics and drugs for tissue engineering. Electrostatic forces between negatively-charged keratins and biologic macromolecules allow for effective drug retention; attraction to positively-charged growth factors like(More)
Infuse(®) is used clinically to promote bone repair. Its efficacy is dependent on a crosslinked collagen carrier/scaffold system that has come under scrutiny due to an inability to control BMP-2 release, which may result in unwanted outcomes such as heterotopic ossification. In this study, keratose biomaterial was evaluated as a new carrier/scaffold.(More)
Protein drugs like growth factors are promising therapeutics for damaged-tissue repair. Their local delivery often requires biomaterial carriers for achieving the therapeutic dose range while extending efficacy. In this study, polyethylene glycol (PEG) and keratin were crosslinked and used as sponge-like scaffolds (KTN-PEG) to absorb test proteins with(More)