Rocco Raffaele

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Depression is a significant complication of stroke. The effectiveness of antidepressant drugs in the management of post-stroke depression (PSD) has been widely investigated. However, the choice of antidepressant drug is critically influenced by its safety and tolerability and by its effect on concurrent pathologies. Here we investigate the efficacy and(More)
Trans-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid, a mixed agonist of all metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) subtypes, is known to produce either neurotoxic or neuroprotective effects. We have therefore hypothesized that individual mGluR subtypes differentially affect neurodegenerative processes. Selective agonists of subtypes which belong to mGluR class(More)
The chemical composition of human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is considered to reflect brain metabolism. In this study we measured malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and the activity of enzymes involved in antioxidative processes, glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase, in human cerebrospinal fluid of multiple-sclerosis (MS) patients and normal healthy(More)
In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, the therapeutic efficacy of two antidepressants with different neurochemical mechanisms of action, amitriptyline and amineptine, was investigated in patients affected by anxious depression. Sixty-six patients with the primary diagnosis of major depression or bipolar affective disorder (DSM-III-R) and meeting(More)
Sixty senile subjects (60-80 years old) with dysthymic disturbances as defined by DSM III (Cat. 390.40) were randomized into two homogeneous groups, one of which was given acetyl-L-carnitine (3 g/day per os) while the other received a placebo. After a washout phase of one week, each patient was evaluated by scoring on the Hamilton Rating Scale for(More)
Tic disorders are stereotypic behaviours,more frequent than once believed, and therefore likely to be encountered by primary care physicians. Tics usually begin in childhood and are the clinical hallmark of Tourette Syndrome (TS), the most common cause of tics. TS is a relatively common neurobehavioural disorder with a spectrum of manifestations that wax(More)
We assessed the therapeutical efficacy of various antidepressants (amineptine, minaprine and clomipramine) in patients affected by retarded depression. All patients exhibited symptoms of retardation, including hypokinesia, anergia, reduction of speech, increased salivation, hypersomnia, Parinaud's syndrome, reduced sexual activity, slowness, hypomimia,(More)
(2S,1'R,2'R,3'R)-2-(2,3-Dicarboxycyclopropyl)glycine (DCG-IV), a potent agonist of subtypes 2 and 3 of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR2 or 3), protected cultured cortical neurons against excitotoxicity induced either by a brief exposure to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) or a prolonged exposure to kainate. As a neuroprotective agent, DCG-IV was much(More)
OBJECTIVE AND METHODS The efficacy and safety of oral Sildenafil, a potent inhibitor of phosphodiesterase type 5, were evaluated in depressed men with idiopathic Parkinson's disease and erectile dysfunction. Thirty-three men were enrolled in a 4-month prospective, open-label, fixed-dose study, and received 50mg of Sildenafil in the home setting(More)
Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) is characterized by motor signs such as akinesia, rigidity, and often tremor at rest. In addition to these symptoms, depression is a common finding affecting 40% of patients with IPD. This study evaluates the effect of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, citalopram, on motor and nonmotor symptoms of depressed and(More)