Rocco J. Lafaro

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BACKGROUND Depressed myocardial performance after cardiac surgery can be contributed to ischemic reperfusion injury (IRI) incurred during and following the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Myocardial preconditioning (PC) achieved by brief ischemia and subsequent reperfusion appears to be a clinically useful method of improved cardiac protection during surgery(More)
BACKGROUND Inadequate data exist regarding the management of acute major pulmonary embolism. Various modalities that are used, including thrombolytics and embolectomy, have not been shown to conclusively improve mortality when compared to heparin. In the past, open pulmonary embolectomy was reserved for patients with severe hemodynamic instability because(More)
Diabetes mellitus is associated with coronary artery disease, and diabetic patients are frequently referred for coronary bypass graft surgery. It is well known that HbA1c, which reflects long-term glycemic control, is related to diabetic morbidity and mortality. It is not known whether HbA1c is related to postoperative length of stay among patients who(More)
BACKGROUND Management of malignant renal tumors involving the inferior vena cava (IVC) depends on tumor extension within the cava. METHODS Of 295 patients treated for renal cancer, propagation of tumor mass through the renal vein to IVC was seen in 22 (7%) patients. Cephalad extension of the tumor was suprarenal: infrahepatic in 12, retrohepatic in 6, and(More)
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) can arise from different anatomical sites including the skin, head and neck, lung, esophagus, genital area, and so on. Despite the same histopathologic features and immunohistochemistry profile, the SCCs of different body sites can show tremendous differences in their presenting symptoms, risk factor associations, natural(More)
BACKGROUND Myxomas arising from the eustachian valve are exceedingly rare. CASE REPORT A 72-year-old Jamaican-Chinese woman was evaluated for worsening dyspnea. The 2-dimensional and real time 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiogram showed a 75 mm length × 44 mm width, multilobulated, mobile mass arising from the eustachian valve occupying the entire(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced predictive analytical techniques are being increasingly applied to clinical risk assessment. This study compared a neural network model to several other models in predicting the length of stay (LOS) in the cardiac surgical intensive care unit (ICU) based on pre-incision patient characteristics. METHODS Thirty six variables collected(More)
Cavernous hemangioma is a rare tumor with infrequent cardiac involvement. Preoperative or antemortem diagnosis may be difficult. Several prior case reports have described echocardiographic findings of cavernous hemangioma. We report here a 50-year-old white female patient with this tumor. Transesophageal echocardiography detected a mass with an(More)
Magnevad II is an improved version of Magnevad I and both are fourth-generation axial flow left ventricular assist devices. A major simplification has been implemented and tested. Magnevad I used a magnetically suspended rotor requiring active axial control. Magnevad II is completely passive but otherwise similar. A self-washing radial hydrodynamic bearing(More)