Rocco Carbone

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This study was designed to evaluate mechanisms regulating proliferation of steroidogenically active and steroidogenically inactive theca-interstitial (T-I) cells, and, specifically, to evaluate the effects of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). T-I cells obtained from immature Sprague-Dawley rats were cultured in(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR), which consists of R1 and R2 subunits, catalyzes a key step of deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate (dNTP) synthesis for DNA replication and repair. The R2 subunit is controlled in a cell cycle-specific manner for timely DNA synthesis and is negatively regulated by p53 in response to DNA damage. Herein we demonstrate that the(More)
The release of endogenous aspartic acid has been investigated using synaptosomes from rat corpus striatum. Exposure in superfusion to a depolarizing concentration of KCl (15 mM) evoked an overflow of aspartate which was almost entirely calcium-dependent. When added to the superfusion medium, dopamine (DA) and the selective DA D-2 receptor agonists(More)
'Giant' synaptosomes originating from mossy fibre terminals and having sedimentation properties different from those of standard synaptosomes were obtained from rat cerebellum. Exposure of superfused giant synaptosomes to 15 mM KCl caused the release of endogenous glutamate in a largely (about 80%) calcium-dependent manner. The K(+)-evoked overflow of(More)
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is causally linked to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and the EBV oncoprotein, latent membrane protein 1 (LMP-1), is expressed in the majority of NPCs. LMP-1 upregulates antiapoptotic genes, including bcl-2, and Bcl-2 protein is overexpressed in NPC. Given the antiapoptotic and chemoprotective effects of Bcl-2, it represents a(More)
OBJECTIVES Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) transforms B-cells into immortalized lymphoblastoid cells (LCLs) by triggering signaling pathways that lead to activation of multiple transcription factors and anti-apoptotic proteins, including NF-kappaB and Bcl-2, respectively. Since proteasome inhibition suppresses NF-kappaB activity, we sought to determine whether the(More)
We previously reported that the racemic mixture and both enantiomers of gossypol inhibit the replication of human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) (Lin et al., Antimicrob Agents Chemother 33: 2149-2151, 1989). The present study evaluates the activities of a variety of analogs of gossypol as well as a few non-gossypol analogs. Compounds 2, 3, 10, and 13(More)
We have reported that butyrate, a fatty acid produced by dietary fiber that induces cell cycle arrest, differentiation and/or apoptosis in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) cells in vitro, modulates Wnt activity in 2 CRC cell lines (Bordonaro et al., Int. J. Cancer, 2002; 97:42-51). Our study determines how changes in the levels of Wnt activity induced by butyrate(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) may be particularly amenable to gene therapy because CRCs exhibit constitutive upregulation of Wnt signaling. We have previously demonstrated that butyrate, found in the colonic lumen, modulates Wnt signaling and nonspecifically upregulates transcription from minimal promoters. Because both of these actions may influence the(More)
Bcl-2 is up-regulated by EBV in immortalized lymphoblastoid B cells and is expressed in the majority of EBV-associated lymphoproliferative diseases, including posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) and AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL). Given the antiapoptotic and chemoprotective effect of Bcl-2, it represents a logical target for modulation using(More)