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Ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) are EC220.127.116.11 N-glycosidases that recognize a universally conserved stem-loop structure in 23S/25S/28S rRNA, depurinating a single adenine (A4324 in rat) and irreversibly blocking protein translation, leading finally to cell death of intoxicated mammalian cells. Ricin, the plant RIP prototype that comprises a… (More)
Cobalt is an important oligoelement required for bacteria; if present in high concentration, exhibits toxic effects that, depending on the microorganism under investigation, may even result in growth inhibition. The photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter (R.) sphaeroides tolerates high cobalt concentration and bioaccumulates Co2+ ion, mostly on the cellular… (More)
An X-ray investigation has been performed with the aim of characterizing the binding sites of a platinum-based inhibitor (K[PtCl3(DMSO)]) of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (stromelysin-1). The platinum complex targets His224 in the S1' specificity loop, representing the first step in the selective inhibition process (PDB ID code 4JA1).
X-ray powder diffraction was combined, for the first time, with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy and direct infusion mass spectrometry to characterise fresh and brined grape leaves. Covariance analysis of data generated by the three techniques was performed with the aim to correlate information deriving from the solid part with those obtained for… (More)
Members of the fungal genus Fusarium can produce numerous secondary metabolites, including the nonribosomal mycotoxins beauvericin (BEA) and enniatins (ENNs). Both mycotoxins are synthesized by the multifunctional enzyme enniatin synthetase (ESYN1) that contains both peptide synthetase and S-adenosyl-l-methionine-dependent N-methyltransferase activities.… (More)
A method is presented to determine the helix orientation starting from X ray diffraction data. Our method is based on the periodicity properties of alpha helix and on the analysis of the properties of the corresponding Patterson function, obtained directly from raw crystallographic intensities. Knowledge of helix orientation is a useful information within… (More)